The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. 1. For which he started to use doctrine of lapse. The East India Company ruled India for about 200 years but it was for the first time that when someone revolted against the British in 1857. There are some political as well as social reasons for the war.the doctrine of lapse was one of the major reasons.when a ruler of a state died and there was no legal heir to take his place the british would take over that state Number of historians argue that the revolt. Under the British rule, there was a severe deterioration of the condition of Indian agriculture. According to Marxist historians, the 1857 revolt was “the struggle of the soldier-peasant democratic combine against foreign as well as feudal bondage”. Savarkar. Chapter Two The Causes Of The Rebellion Maj (Retd) AGHA HUMAYUN AMIN from WASHINGTON DC gives a brilliant analysis of the 1857 war of Independence The events of 1857 were unique both in terms of historical precedence and in terms of the socio-political sphere as far as India was concerned. %���� It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. It was at the beginning of the twentieth century that the 1857 revolt came to be interpreted as a “planned war of national independence”, by V.D. Limited territorial spread was one factor, there was no all-India veneer about the revolt. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah 3. Hence, t… It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. <> On the other hand, the European soldiers were equipped with the latest weapons of war like the Enfield rifle. (Cause of dissatisfaction was the order that they would not be given the foreign service allowance (Matta) when serving in Sindh or in Punjab), Racial discrimination. Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. As British extended their control they introduced many ways of grabbing land like the use of Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie was very unpopular. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. There are several reasons for the war of Independence in 1857. Racial hatred and suspicion between the Indians and the English was aggravated. They imposed exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment. Test. That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the Company in case … Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857 Recently Akash got to know that revolt of 1857 is also known as First War of Independence. Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah 3. Write. The emperor was exiled to Rangoon where he died in 1862. endobj Influence of outside events the revolt of 1857 coincided with certain outside events in which the British suffered serious losses—the first afghan war (1838-42), Punjab wars (1845-49), Crimean wars (1854-56), santhal rebellion (1855-57). Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the former on non-payment of debt dues. e.g. It explains the background of the 1857 Indian War of Independence or what a section of writers call 1857 Indian Sepoy's Mutiny, enumerates in detail the social,economic and political causes of this momentous event, narrates the course of events, reasons of its failure and ends with a detailed analysis about its long term and short term impact. Test. Created by. The culmination of traditional opposition to the British rule came with the First War of Independence in 1857, in which millions of peasants, artisans and soldiers participated. Then all soldiers marched to Delhi and declared the powerless Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar as the Emperor of India and the official leader off the revolt. 2. The revolt of 1857 played an important role in bringing the Indian people together and imparting to them the consciousness of belonging to one country. Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. endobj Created by. It was a mere ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ to some British historians—”a wholly unpatriotic and selfish Sepoy Mutiny with no native leadership and no -popular support”, said Sir John Seeley. In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. stream Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. Government’s legislative measures, such as the religious disabilities act, 1856, which modified hindu customs. He was overpowered and executed on April 6 while his regiment was disbanded in May. Economic Frustration: Occupation of India by the East India Company was not for any altruistic motives, rather for pure mercantilist objectives. Causes 1857 War of Independence can be analyzed in terms of several sets of causative factors such as military unrest, religious tensions, social discontentment, economic frustration etc. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. Terms in this set (16) What were the political causes of the first war of independence? By the end of 1859, British authority over India was fully re- established. x��W[o�6~���GjX��Ph.2�m��C�ƒ-a�d�R]������$�� ������܏�巕iȻw����nH��=���&W�g�9�y���q��I�#����B�4�����pS�"�1��5�P�D�~�H"E�>G��������a-a �����y���o�����-`#��� ����#��*Θ�c��A��D��R���@RDʄ)��e����l��+��ĞbbϽ)�$ey��3��GQ��`yH����w �.�L +��+[w����y�S3+�;z�15�)���m�F �qw�ۜ�"M+|7�e�,J�. PLAY. By one estimate, not more than one-fourth of the total area and not more than one-tenth of the total population was affected. War of independence 1857 is a remarkable event in the history of sub-continent. A large number of Indian rulers and chiefs were dislodged, thus arousing fear in the minds of other ruling families who apprehended a similar fate. Political Causes of revolt of 1857, first war of Independence Question 1: Explain the political causes that led to the uprising of 1857. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. • It ended the Mughal Empire’s reign completely from the political scene. Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … There are some political as well as social reasons for the war.the doctrine of lapse was one of the major reasons.when a ruler of a state died and there was no legal heir to take his place the british would take over that state War of independence 1857 is a remarkable event in the history of sub-continent. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . The right of succession was denied to Hindu princes. The assumption of the Government of India by the sovereign of Great Britain was announced by Lord Canning at a durbar at Allahabad in the ‘Queen’s Proclamation’ issued on November 1, 1858. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). %PDF-1.5 Thus the great House of Mughals was finally and completely extinguished. They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. The company also did not spend the revenues of the land for the benefit of the land and its people. The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. The 7th Awadh Regiment which defied its officers on May 3 met with a similar fate. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . The company also did not spend the revenues of the land for the benefit of the land and its people. Rebels and sepoys, both Hindu and Muslim, respected each other’s sentiments. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. The activities of christian missionaries who followed the british flag in India. ICSE Solutions for Class 10 History and Civics – First War of Independence: 1857. • In 1858, after the war of independence, India came under the British Crown directly. 1800-212-7858 / 9372462318. The team typically replies in a few minutes. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. Learn. This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. Restrictions on wearing caste and sectarian marks. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The Revolt of —the First War of Independence! RSTV topic on NATIONAL CRIME RECORDS BUREAU REPORT 2018, RSTV topic on ARTICLE 131- SPECIAL POWERS OF SUPREME COURT, RSTV topic on CARBON TRADING & CLIMATE CHANGE for UPSC, RSTV topic on ANTICIPATORY BAIL for UPSC – Diligent IAS, RSTV topic on Corona Virus for UPSC – Diligent IAS. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 5 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 1>> Reforms such as abolition of sati, support to widow-remarriage and women’s education. E���߇�%jc�iE��V���N{��V��>ķ�zݡK�=�bԅ����&�����`��ۧ�G����!��ߺuD�P�����N�(��̫b�����R,N���W�� �*�! Political Causes Because of Doctrine of Lapse, the local Indian leaders saw them in decline The Mistreatment with the Mug Hal Emperor and disrespect that Lord Dalhouise made by moving the royal family from Delhi to Qutb Shah In Civil service jobs were given to less Indians, adding fuel to the fire the British replaced Persian and declared English as theofficial language �� ��TN�+BČ���'6� � W�o7��Y��_}���T�f��"����J)�5WB�e�s[n��8SԾ6z~_]l����d�q\�^�lVۻ^QuGF���r7,�. British policy discouraged Indian handicrafts and promoted British goods. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Number of historians argue that the revolt. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. Hence, t… Modern educated Indians viewed this revolt as backward looking, and mistakenly hoped the British would usher in an era of modernisation. During the entire revolt, there was complete cooperation between Hindus and Muslims at all levels—people, soldiers, leaders. yet much less than a first war of Independence. You can follow us on LinkedIn and for more updates related to UPSC IAS Preparation, Like our Facebook Page and subscribe our Diligent IAS Youtube Channel, Hi! 2. Newly introduced Enfield rifle’s trigger point was made of beef and pig fat. Match. This War was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. o38�6�m��2�{�-�4E��_�>�O�h�[Ͼ1۵�����H�T�3��`҅5����]��h$�i�)��?�UI�8q��~�\��e/�޴X�:[7n#�m�iVkL���1k�+[SAJ�Q�1Hnmᖚ�@�A���� Concecrated in 1836 St. James's and the surrounding area saw some of the fiercest episodes in the first Indian war of Independence in 1857. 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