2012. • Antioxidant / Cytotoxic / Antileishmanial / Leaves: Study evaluated an ethanol leaf extract of Eleusine indica for cytotoxicity activity against HeLa cells, antioxidative burst activity, and antileishmanial activity. Some features of the site may not work correctly. In this research, the mechanisms governing three goosegrass biotypes (Ein-Or from an orange grove, and Ein-Pl1 and Ein-Pl2 from Persian lime groves) with suspected resistance to glyphosate were characterized and … On the other hand, the EA extract showed a broad spectrum activity, compared with the positive control (Streptomycin) against all tested bacteria except for B. subtilis , which showed resistance to all extracts of EI. Eleusine indica is a tufted annual grass belonging to the family poaceae formally known as Gramineae family. and Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. confirmed the weak antibacterial activity exhibited by BN extract against K. pneumoniae. Advances in Cglycosyl flavonoid Research. Dulay RMR, Kalaw SP, Reyes RG, Alfonso N, Eguchi F. 2012.Teratogenic and Toxic effects of Lingzhi or Reishi medicinal mushroom,Ganoderma lucidum (W.Curt.:Fr.) Eleusine indica is a species of grass that belongs to the family Poaceae. Schott extract. Betaglucan (βG) was isolated from Eleusine coracana (Ec) seeds and characterized with UV–vis. The use of evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine is increasing rapidly. Flavonoids as antioxidants in plants: location and functional significance. Antimicrobial and antiprotozoal activity of 24 medicinal plant extracts reported • Macaranga barteri possess broadest spectrum of activity. View 2 excerpts, cites methods and results, Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, BMC complementary and alternative medicine, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. Hexane extract of Eleusine indica (H-Ei) showed strong potential in the inhibition of porcine pancreatic lipase (27.01 ± 5.68%). Antiurolithiatic activity of ethanolic extract of Eleusine indica Linn. After collection from the soil, the plants are washed and the whole root along with 1-2 centimeter of stems are cut and fed directly at fresh, succulent stage to the ailing animals for that purpose. 1997. Jahfar M. 2003. E. indica had greatest impact on soil with 2%, 3%, and 4% levels of crude oil. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) to inhibit the growth of some enterobacteria and the biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus. control has sometimes failed. The present study is to determine the phytochemical constituents, cytotoxicity and antiviral activities for both crude … The present study determined the antibacterial activity of E. indica against E. coli and S. aureus at 12, 24 and 36 hrs of incubation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of aqueous extract of Eleusine indica to protect against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic injury in rats. Journal Tissue Residence 4, 117-120. Journal of Cytology and Histology S4, 001. Medicinal plants: An expandingrole in development. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2012.07.014, https://innspub.net/jbes/antibacterial-teratogenic-activity-eleusine-indica-leaf-extracts/. Certification: jbes 2018 0048 ex. Summary. Koduru S, Grierson DS, Afolayan AJ. Plant extracts are a rich source of natural compounds with antimicrobial properties, which are able to prevent, at some extent, the growth of foodborne pathogens. Phytochemical screening, total phenolics and antioxidant analyses of E. indica were done. C-glycosylflavones from the aerial parts of Eleusine indica inhibit LPS-induced mouse lung inflammation. 8.4.2.1.1 Origin of Finger Millet. Many reports have been available on the antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, antihelminthic, antimolluscal and anti-inflammatory properties of plants (Mahesh and Satish 2008) [1]. ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF SOME ALGERIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS EXTRACTS CONTAINING PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS, Antioxidant, Antibacterial Activities and General Toxicity of Alnus glutinosa, Fraxinus excelsior and Papaver rhoeas. Joanna May G. Lindain, Rich Milton R. Dulay, Mary Jhane G. Valentino. Results showed bacterial inhibition against E. coli at 12, 24 and 36 hrs of incubation. Furthermore, malformations were also recorded which include stunted-tail, growth retardation, yolk deformity and delayed development. The highest antibacterial activity observed was obtained by the hexane extract on MRSA, while the DCM extract showed weak activity on P. aeruginosa. Leaf blades are 8 mm across and 10 inches long, mostly glabrous, medium to dark green, keeled and have hull shaped tips. Malformations which include stunted-tail, growth retardation, yolk deformity and delayed development were observed. Rabe T, Van Staden J. The bioactive components of E. indica extracts were determined through TLC method, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay was used for the antioxidant activity and Folin – Ciocalteu method was done in determining its total phenolics. ; The acute oral toxicity of E. indica hexane extract on animal model falls into Globally Harmonized System Category 5 (low hazard), since mortality, clinical toxicity symptoms, gross pathologic, or histopathologic damage was not observed. • Antibacterial/ Antioxidant: Study evaluated various extracts of Eleusine indica for antibacterial, antioxidant, and anti-cancer effects. Phenolic acids from finger millet (Eleusine coracana) milled fractions (whole flour, seed coat, 3%, 5% and 7%) were isolated and their antioxidant and antimicrobial properties were evaluated. miqbal2k2008@hotmail.com Family: Gramineae, Poaceae. Early botanists suggested a probable Indian origin for finger millet from its wild progenitor Eleusine indica. Leaves are placed towards the culms base which is glabrous, green and flattened. Songklanakarin J Sci Technol 31(3): 273-279. Plant products as antimicrobial agents. P. Karst. Eleusine indica is closely related to Eleusine coracana (finger millet or African finger millet), and the diploid E. indica is likely an ancestor of the allotetraploid E. coracana.. Antibacterial activity of some medicinal plants of Saurashtra Region. E indica is commonly referred to as goose grass. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM. Based on standards (Guevarra et al16 Table 3), the activity … Action: Used for biliary disorders. Ambayeba Muimba-Kankolongo, in Food Crop Production by Smallholder Farmers in Southern Africa, 2018. The work therefore gives credence to the use of Eleusine indica against diarrhea and worm infections. ), Porcine Pancreatic Lipase Inhibitory Agent Isolated from Medicinal Herb and Inhibition Kinetics of Extracts from Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertner, Antipyretic and antioxidant activities of Eleucine indica Ette, Free Radical Scavenging, Cytotoxic and Hemolytic Activities from Leaves of Acacia nilotica (L.) Wild. International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering 2, 125-134. Eleucine indica extract has alkaloids as one of the phytochemical constituents [9]. The antimicrobial activity of plant extracts was evaluated using two Gram-positive bacteria, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Bacillus subtilis B29, and other two Gram-negative bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 60690 and Salmonella choleraesuis. Evidence- Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. (1)1 isolasi actinomycetes dari rizosfer rumput belulang (eleusine indica (l.) gaertn.) In this system, using 150 µg of plant extracts, the highest reducing power activity was observed on Cassia alata, followed by Polyscias fulva, Carica papaya, Eremomastax and Eleusine indica, if compared with the positive control. 2009. Goose grass also known as Eleusine indica (EI) is a local medicinal plant that displays antioxidant, antimicrobial and anticancer activities. Antibacterial activity of South African plants used for medicinal purposes. In this research, the mechanisms governing three goosegrass biotypes (Ein-Or from an orange grove, and Ein-Pl1 and Ein-Pl2 from Persian lime groves) with suspected resistance to glyphosate were characterized and … Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) Murrill, Chemical composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of two Satureja essential oils. Eleucine indica possesses antioxidant, antibacterial and cytotoxic properties. Glycosyl Composition of Polysaccharide from Tinospora Cordifolia Acta Pharmaceutica 53, 65. Traditional Medicine: Growing needs and potential who policy perspectives on medicines, World Health Organization, Geneva. of the family Poaceae. Eleucine indica (EI) is traditionally used in ailments associated with liver and kidneys. 2009. Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its mechanism of action was studied [29]. Talhi O, Silva AMS. The antioxidant activity of E. indica was evaluated using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay. ... cardiac glycosides and acidic compounds (Table 1). Phytochemistry 70 (3), 419-423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2008.12.017. Thus, the potential antibacterial activity against E. coli and teratogenic potential of E. indica ethanol extracts. Eleusine indica L. possesses antioxidant activity and precludes carbon tetrachloride (CCl₄)-mediated oxidative hepatic damage in rats. A MeTH extract showed the highest total phenolic contents and scavenging activity on DPPH assay. In India, in wet plains and low hills and pasture grounds. 1999. Pharmaceutical Biology 44(4), 283–286. Alkaloids are a large and structurally diverse group of compounds that have served as scaffolds for important antibacterial drugs such as metronidazole and the quinolones [24]. Histopathologic changes in liver and kidney tissues from male Sprague Dawley rats treated with Rhaphidophora decursiva (Roxb.) AIP Conference Proceedings 1678, 030013. The therapeutic benefit of the medicinal plants is often attributed to their antioxidant properties. The anti-hypertensive activity was evaluated by using in-vivo model.The ethanolic extract of Eleusine indica L. Gaertn significantly inhibited the hypertension. Current Organic Chemistry 16(7),  859-896. WHO. Brenan, In vitro pharmacological properties of an indigenous medicinal plant, Artabotrys crassifolius Hook.f. control has sometimes failed. However, the EA extract exhibited a broad spectrum antibacterial activity against all tested bacteria except Bacillus subtilis, in which this bacterium was found to be resistant to all EI extracts. The use of evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine is increasing rapidly. The study was mainly aimed to determine the antiurolithiathic potential of different concentrations of E. indica root extract on ethylene glycol induced nephrolithiasis in Rattus norvergicus (albino rats). to inhibit the growth of some enterobacteria and the biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus. Eleusine indica is an annual plant which grows to the height of 1/2-2 feet tall. Xie Y, Yang W, Tang F, Chen X, Ren L. 2015. Al-Zubairi AS, Abdul AB, Abdelwahab SI, Peng CY, Mohan S, Elhassan MM. 2002. Also, its teratogenic potential using zebra fish as model animal was made. The highest antibacterial activity observed was obtained by the hexane extract on MRSA, while the DCM extract showed weak activity on P. aeruginosa. Clinical Therapeutics 165 (1), 7–11. https://doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nep091. The ferric reducing power may be attributed to the phenolic and flavonoid contents of the extracts. In this research, the mechanisms governing three goosegrass biotypes (Ein-Or from an orange grove, and Ein-Pl1 and Ein-Pl2 from Persian lime groves) with suspected resistance to glyphosate were characterized and … 13(4), 131-140, October 2018. For the teratogenicity of E. indica, LC50 of ethanol and hot water extracts was computed at 2200 ppm and 12890 ppm, respectively. Arsad SS, Esa NM, Hamzah H. 2014. Folk: Nandiaa (Orissa), Mahaar Naachni (Maharashtra), Thippa Ragi (Tamil Nadu). English: Crowfoot Grass, Crab Grass. The biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus Roxb. of Applied Science and Engineering 2 125-134... 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