Deer damage can be costly, unsightly, and even deadly to trees and shrubs. A male deer will rub his antlers on a tree to mark it with his scent. Deer eat pine tree foliage when grasses and other foods of choice are not available. Hibiscus                                                             Hibiscus spp. Spruce                                                                Picea spp. Trim loose and dry bark from around the wound. While browsing can lead to defoliation, antler rubbing can remove a full circle of bark from a tree trunk, effectively girdling and killing the tree. Rosemary                                                        Rosmarinus officinalis, Rue                                                                   Ruta graveolens, Sage                                                                 Salvia officinalis, Savory                                                              Satureja montana, Tansy                                                                Tanacetum coccineum. Deer Damage on Apple Trees White-tailed deer in the eastern United States are one of the leading causes of damage to crops, including many perennial crops such as apples (figs. Leatherwood                                                    Dirca palustris. Browsing deer inflict significant damage to young pine trees. If the bark is shredded (most common) it will open the trunk of the tree to disease organisms which will lead to heart rot, poor healing and low value trees. Why do Deer Damage Trees. Fencing requires you to enclose your entire yard with a fence at least six feet tall. While deer may look harmless enough, they’re the single biggest wintertime threat to shrubs and young trees. If you have tree problems deer-related or not contact us. This video is unavailable. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Morning glory                                                   Ipomoea spp. Deer damage on hardwood trees, if you want to grow good grades of lumber and veneer, can be a serious problem. Winter damage to trees. However, resistance of any plant species may change due to environmental factors. Hens and chicks                                               Sempervivum spp. This occurs in summer when male deer rub their heads against the trunks of sapling trees in order to remove the outer skin or velvet from a new set of … Some damage is not well seen, while others are very noticeable. Deer are one of nature’s creatures that roam through most of our neighborhoods. Netting can reduce deer damage to small trees. Ivy, Boston                                                        Parthenocissus tricuspidata, Silver lace vine                                                Polygonum aubertii, Trumpet creeper                                             Campsis radicans, Virginia creeper                                               Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Wisteria                                                             Wisteria sinensis, Autumn crocus                                                 Colchicum autumnalis, Crown imperial                                                  Fritillaria imperialis. There are a couple of ways to thwart deers doing damage to trees. Deer damage, especially during the winter months, is severe and expensive. If the tree bark damage is greater than 50 percent, the life of the tree is at risk. Deer are frequently known to rub their antlers on tree trunks in the fall, and the lines and scars on the trunk look very much like the scars left by antler points. Anemone                                                           Anemone spp. But as winter approaches and there is less food available, deer may resort to eating plants that they do not bother the rest of the year. Once this velvet is removed, deer may continue to polish their antlers by rubbing up and down the trunk. Oregano                                                           Origanum vulgare. Toadflax                                                             Linaria spp. Bark is a food source for many animals. White-tailed deer were remarkably destructive in many gardens and landscapes over the past winter, feeding heavily on trees and shrubs. Once they feel safe, and find a tasty snack they will visit regularly. Click here to view our Certified Arborists in Springfield MO! Larger trees … A hungry deer will find almost any plant palatable, so no plant is deer proof. Wild ginger                                                        Asarum canadense, Wild strawberry                                                Fragaria spp, Akebia                                                                Akebia quinata, Bittersweet                                                       Celastrus scandens. This tree probably won’t survive its encounter with the antlers of a whitetail buck during the rut. This lets the area does know he is available if they are interested and tells passing bucks to keep away. One of the main long-term consequences of deer damage is crop uniformity. Sycamore                                                          Platanus occidentalis, Tulip tree                                                          Liriodendron tulipifera. Lily of the valley                                               Convallaria majalis, Lily turf                                                              Liriope spicata. Deer should be discouraged immediately. Male deer also cause damage by rubbing their antlers along the trunks of trees, stripping off bark. Deer are one of nature’s creatures that roam through most of our neighborhoods. Using these plants in your landscape is often the most cost-effective, least time consuming, and most aesthetically pleasing solution. After mating season, bucks lose their antlers and are no longer a threat to trees due to rubbing. As winter approaches and food sources become scarce, feeding on leaves, stems, and buds of plants become more apparent. This occurs especially in winters that have extended periods of snow on the ground. Chestnut                                                            Castanea spp, Dawn redwood                                                 Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Giant arborvitae                                               Thuja plicata, Ginkgo                                                                Ginkgo biloba, Ironwood                                                           Ostrya virginiana, Japanese tree lilac                                            Syringa reticulata. Mullein                                                             Verbascum spp. But it doesn’t take long before you notice the ugly damage left behind by that heartwarming scene. Sunflower                                                          Helianthus annuus. Protecting trees from damage is essential in areas populated with deer. Geum                                                                 Geum spp. During fall deer are preparing for “rut” or mating season. But that process can wreck trees, especially the young, thin-barked species deer favor. Siberian scilla                                                    Scilla sibirica, Snowdrops                                                        Galanthus nivalis, Winter aconite                                                  Eranthis hyemalis, Ageratum                                                          Ageratum houstonianum, Alyssum                                                             Lobularia maritima, Candytuft                                                          Iberis sempervirens. Boxwood                                                           Buxus spp. In urban areas, home landscapes may become the major source of food. Updated Jan 12, 2019; ... especially with smaller trees. A buck’s antlers help fend off would be girlfriend thieves. In our experience, exclusion is the best way to avoid deer damage. Deer damage is usually identified by the torn or jagged appearance of branches. Tip Copyrighted 2020 by All About Trees | Website design by Traders Printing & Design. You’ll have to rotate these frequently, however, or deer will soon realize that they are not in danger from these objects. Adequate fencing to exclude deer is the only sure way to control deer damage. Birds like woodpeckers eat insects just inside the bark. Adequate fencing to exclude deer is the only sure way to control deer damage. Deer don't read "deer resistant" plant recommendations and may browse on any tree, especially in winter when food is scarce.Damage is easily noticed on the bark. Deer damage is a problem in many backyards during the winter months. To reduce mule deer damage to landscape trees and shrubs, you need to physically exclude them from individual plants or entire landscapes, use unpalatable plants in your yard or garden, or temporarily protect plants with deer repellents. Speedwell                                                          Veronica spp. Potentilla                                                            Potentilla spp. Glory-of-the-snow                                            Chionodoxa luciliae. Deer don't read "deer resistant" plant recommendations and may browse on any tree, especially in winter when food is scarce.Damage is easily noticed on the bark. Young trees that are 1 to 5 inches in diameter with smooth bark, such as maples, lindens, birches and magnolias, are most likely to be damaged by deer rubs. Basically, their purpose is twofold. One of the most frustrating things to deal with this time of year is having a deer snack on your beloved plants! Coreopsis                                                          Coreopsis spp. The xylem and phloem are responsible for transporting water, nutrients, and energy from roots to leaves and vise-versa. Remove the scions from the refrigerator. 10 Plants for Year-round Containers. Cranesbill                                                          Geranium spp. This can stunt, and potentially kill, the tree if enough foliage is removed. Although browsing deer are charming to watch, they can cause extensive damage by feeding on plants and rubbing antlers against trees. A buck’s antlers help fend off would be girlfriend thieves. Even if you are the type of person to tolerate deer damage because you love them, beware! The good news is deer damage is easily avoidable with a few preventative measures. Male deer also will damage or shred the bark of small trees by rubbing their antlers to remove the velvet during the fall breeding season or rut. Deer will eat tree bark, mainly in winter when other food is scarce; Another frequent form of bark damage is fraying. Ornamental onion                                           Allium spp. Honeysuckle                                                     Lonicera spp. This Spring I added another 600 trees & shrubs out in the pasture to go along with the 50 trees to build my swale based food forest. Purple coneflower                                            Echinacea purpurea, Rock cress                                                         Arabis caucasica, Russian sage                                                     Perovskia atriplicifolia. If the bark is shredded (most common) it will open the trunk of the tree to disease organisms which will lead to heart rot, poor healing and low value trees. Male deer also cause damage by rutting or rubbing their antlers along the stems or trunks of trees and stripping off bark. When deer rub off bark from trees, survival is doubtful: Ask OSU Extension. 1, 2). Deer feed on dormant shoots as well as growing trees. Catalpa                                                              Catalpa spp. If the damage looks minimal, help your tree rebound with these tips. Often a species may cause damage at several growth stages. Preventing Future Deer Damage to Young Trees The ultimate solution to dealing with deer is to prevent it from ever happening. A buck’s antlers help fend off would be girlfriend thieves. Mosses                                                              ————–. An increase in deer populations and a decrease of their natural habitat have set up a situation in which your favorite landscapes become alternative food sources for deer. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Topping Trees–A great way to waste your money. A new tree could grow from below the damage but it would be a long process to turn it into as great of a tree as this Yoshino was. However, there are a number of plants that deer don’t find particularly palatable. At first, a pleasant deer nuzzling up against your tree in winter may seem sweet. Whitetail deer are becoming more common around home landscapes as their natural habitat continues to shrink in favor of housing plans and commercial developments. Clematis                                                            Clematis spp. Chamomile                                                       Matricaria spp. Watch Queue Queue What Deer Damage Looks Like Shrubs and trees may look like they've been groomed with a canopy but the leaves and branches have actually been eaten away. Meadow rue                                                     Thalictrum spp. Grape hyacinth                                                 Muscari spp. This means that the bucks become more active in searching for a mate and may become aggressive toward other bucks. Lions-tailing – How to increase the likelihood of failure. Bee Balm                                                           Monarda spp. By John Van Etten. Deer droppings are a clear sign that deer were present. Bark is a food source for many animals. Thyme                                                              Thymus spp. That takes foresight on the part of the gardener but after losing a couple trees you’ll remember next fall! Preventing Future Deer Damage to Young Trees. Whitetail deer damage to gardens, trees and shrubs can be moderate to severe! This is done to remove the velvet. Barren strawberry                                           Waldsteinia fragarioides, Bergenia                                                            Bergenia cordifolia, Bugleweed                                                         Ajuga reptans, Bunchberry                                                       Cornus canadensis, Catmint                                                              Nepeta x faassenii. Deer should be discouraged immediately. Valerian                                                              Valeriana officinalis. Black locust                                                       Robinia pseudoacacia, Honey-locust                                                     Gleditsia triacanthos, Redbud                                                               Cercis canadensis, Sassafras                                                            Sassafras albidum. The problem arises when the bark is peeled away from the trunk. The invisible mesh barriers, typically 8 feet high with a high tensile strength, blend in with the surroundings. Young trees and shrubs can suffer permanent damage from deer browsing. Deer can cause serious damage to newly planted seedlings and established trees. Costs to consider include planting, pruning and shearing; which are often more complicated than … Larkspur                                                            Delphinium spp. Horticulture experts are already getting reports of damage. First, check your arborvitae for any major issues, like split trunks, broken tops or downed limbs. Lamium                                                              Lamium spp. Favorite winter food sources, such as arborvitae and rhododendron, and relatively deer resistant plants like holly, suffered from deer browse. The parts of the tree above the wound would be irrevocably dead. Sedum                                                                Sedum spp. Smoke tree                                                        Cotinus spp. The ultimate solution to dealing with deer is to prevent it from ever happening. They all grew much quicker and healthier. Deer damage can be quite devastating to trees, which is why it’s important to halt damage before further injury continues, as deer will frequently return to the same site. Basically, their purpose is twofold. Deer Fence. Jacob’s ladder                                                   Polemonium caeruleum, Rose campion                                                   Lychnis coronaria, Marsh marigold                                                Caltha palustris. You should call a tree care professional to help you repair the damage. Nasturtium                                                        Tropaeolum majus. How to Prune Hydrangeas. Read through the following article and find information on evergreen trees for deer … If you are a gardener with large tomato cages, store them around your tree for the winter. I know a lot about trees, tree bark + deer, which damage trees because that is what deer do but tape can be a deterrent + in most cases keeps deer from eating more bark. … The more extensive the damage, the less likely the tree will survive, especially with smaller trees. Commercial deer repellents claim to keep deer away, but depending on weather and product you may need to reapply frequently. As far as predators go, a  noisy dog is a good deer deterrent. This occurs especially in winters that have extended periods of snow on the ground. Deer do this to remove the velvet from their antlers and it usually occurs from early fall into winter. During the winter months, when snow covers low-growing shrubs and grasses, deer will munch on the tender branches, twigs and foliage of resinous evergreen trees. The best way to protect against deer damage is to protect your plants from the damage… Wellnitz Tree Care typically plants 1-3 in caliper trees and it just so happens, those are the same size trees that deer like to rub with their antlers. Whitetail deer damage to gardens, trees and shrubs can be moderate to severe! While deer may look harmless enough, they’re the single biggest wintertime threat to shrubs and young trees. Lady’s mantle                                                    Alchemilla mollis. Salvia, sage                                                        Salvia spp. Violet                                                                  Viola spp. During the fall and winter, deer nibble on twigs of small trees and also rub their antlers against young trees, a practice known as “rutting.” In the spring and summer, deer eat fruit, leaves, buds, and twigs. Most mammal damage to trees is from either: Browsing - feeding on buds, shoots and foliage. Tree Trimming Springfield MO - Tree Removal Springfield MO - Tree Service Springfield MO. Deer can cause serious damage to newly planted seedlings and established trees. Goldenrod                                                         Solidago spp. Iris                                                                       Iris spp. Beech                                                                 Fagus spp. Deer damage trees in two ways; they nibble on bark, stems, foliage and buds and rub their antlers against tree trunks. Squirrels, rabbits, mice, voles and porcupines feed on the inner bark of trees. Deer are creatures of habit. Snow and rainfall wash them away, so frequent applications are needed. Shasta daisy                                                      Chrysanthemum, Snakeroot                                                          Eupatorium rugosum, Sneezeweed                                                      Helenium autumnale, Snow-in-summer                                             Cerastium tomentosum. When they browse the buds, they reduce growth rates; nipping the tree at the base can create multiple stemmed trees; and bucks rubbing their antlers on the stems can kill the tree entirely. Also, if food sources are scarce, deer may simply ignore the repellents, despite the taste or odor. Most mammal damage to trees is from either: Browsing - feeding on buds, shoots and foliage ; Bark stripping from main stems or branches - gnawing or rubbing. Stocks                                                                 Matthiola spp. Deer Damage to Pines. The deer did not damage the trees, and some of the heavily damaged trees began to recover. During the winter months, when snow covers low-growing shrubs and grasses, deer will munch on the tender branches, twigs and foliage of resinous evergreen trees. Tree Trimming Springfield MO and tagged Arborist Springfield MO, Our Certified Arborists in Springfield MO. If they are hungry enough and food is scarce enough, deer will eat almost anything. Salvia, Sage                                                        Salvia spp. This is because these trees are resistant to deer damage. Homemade and commercial repellents are common control methods to discourage deer, but their effectiveness vary. Gary Junken. The easiest is fencing off the area directly around the tree. During fall deer are preparing for “rut” or mating season. Birds like woodpeckers eat insects just inside the bark. Browsing deer inflict significant damage to young pine trees. Controlled experiments are limited to proprietary compounds applied to plantation forests. The worst damage is done from males who rub their antlers against the bark to remove the velvet. While it is still unsightly, protecting a tree while it is young is important. Lobelia                                                               Lobelia spp. 1, 2). Damage Caused By Deer. Phlox                                                                  Phlox divaricata. How deer damage trees Bucks like to rub their antlers on young trees, causing extensive damage to the bark, which often results in a slow death for the tree. Watch Queue Queue. Chemical sprays are typically more successful for deer browsing than rubbing. To reduce mule deer damage to landscape trees and shrubs, you need to physically exclude them from individual plants or entire landscapes, use unpalatable plants in your yard or garden, or temporarily protect plants with deer repellents. As winter approaches and food sources become scarce, feeding on leaves, stems, and buds of plants become more apparent. Birch                                                                   Betula spp. Monkshood                                                       Aconitum spp. When they browse the buds, they reduce growth rates; nipping the tree at the base can create multiple stemmed trees; and bucks rubbing their antlers on the stems can kill the tree entirely. Trees and shrubs can suffer permanent damage. This is not necessarily an aesthetically pleasing option and also not cost effective. Grape                                                                 Vitis coignetiae. According to the Colorado State University Extension Service, you can also purchase some polypropylene mesh netting to prevent deer from continuing to damage the trees. Witch hazel                                                       Hamamelis spp. This means that the bucks become more active in searching for a mate and may become aggressive toward other bucks. Why do Deer Damage Trees. But as winter approaches and there is less food available, deer may resort to eating plants that they do not bother the rest of the year. Male deer also cause damage by rubbing their antlers along the trunks of trees, stripping off bark. Antler rubbing can be a bigger problem than browsing and can occur even if you do not see browsing. Deer seem to pick out a few trees + rub their horns against those same trees. Deer damage is usually identified by the torn or jagged appearance of branches. Deer damage fruit trees both in and out of growing seasons. It is very difficult to save a tree with this much damage and the tree will most likely die. Hens & chicks                                                   Sempervivum spp. There are four ways to discourage deer: Fencing, repellents, predators, and deer-resistant plants. When trying to identify the cause of damage, the most important things to look for are: Form of damage (i.e. An adult deer can eat about six pounds of plant material daily – that’s a lot of plants! Male deer also cause damage by rubbing their antlers along the trunks of trees, stripping off bark. Deer Damage on Apple Trees White-tailed deer in the eastern United States are one of the leading causes of damage to crops, including many perennial crops such as apples (figs. Pruning Hydrangeas. Deer Damage to Trees from Rutting Deer damage to trees is the result of bucks rubbing and scraping their antlers against trees which causes significant damage to the tree’s vascular system. Bald-cypress                                                     Taxodium distichum. Artemisia                                                           Artemisia spp. It is difficult to move deer out of areas where they are not wanted. An adult deer can eat about six pounds of plant material daily – that’s a lot of plants! Why exactly do bucks (and, in the case of reindeer, female deer as well) use trees as glorified scratching posts? If enough trees survive deer damage, there’s cost to bringing trees back to a more uniform shape. Deer Damage to Shrubs and Trees. Marigold                                                            Tagetes spp. In many cases, even proximity to a house was not enough to deter hungry deer. • For trees planted since 1978 in Glenbranter we estimate using current figures that the losses due to deer damage will range from 7.8% to 17.3% for yield class 12 Sitka spruce the most common yield class in the forest. Deer rub up against tree bark to smooth out their growing antlers. Deer do this to remove the velvet from their antlers and it usually occurs from early fall into winter. Poppy                                                                 Papaver spp. Lungwort                                                           Pulmonaria spp. Fleabane daisy                                                 Erigeron x hybridus, Foam flower                                                     Tiarella cordifolia. Keep the cage a foot or more away from the trunk and steak it in place. Hellebore                                                           Helleborus nigra. 310 Congress Street, Emporia, KS 66801 • 5709 SW 21st St., Suite 108, Topeka, KS 66604, Copyright © 2014-2020 Wellnitz Tree Care | Designed by IM Design Group. Spirea                                                                Spiraea spp. After mating season, bucks lose their antlers and are no longer a threat to trees due to rubbing. Pine trees encompass about 120 species. Forsythia                                                           Forsythia spp. Tree Bark damage from deer Asked March 1, 2017, 1:32 PM EST A deer has rubbed the bark off my Japanese cherry blossom tree, the tree is 1 1/2 years old, diameter is around 1 1/4 inches, about 5 feet tall, the damaged area is around 14 inches long and goes from 1/2 to 3/4 circumference. Deer damaged fruit trees Asked October 21, 2017, 8:37 AM EDT We just came to our cabin in northern lower Michigan (Alcona county) to find our deer fences smashed in and branches eaten and broken from our three year old fruit trees (apple, plum, cherry, pear). Deer feed on dormant shoots as well as growing trees. Japanese kerria                                                Kerria japonica, Common lilac                                                   Syringa vulgaris, Oregon grape-holly                                         Mahonia aquifolium, Smoke bush                                                     Cotinus spp, Spicebush                                                         Lindera benzoin. Angelica                                                             Angelica archangelica, Artemisia                                                           Artemisia absinthum, Basil                                                                   Ocimum basilicum, Borage                                                               Borago officinalis. Damage Caused By Deer. Trim the bark damage with a utility knife above and below the missing bark horizontally in the spring when new growth is appearing on trees. Protecting customers’ landscapes from winter deer damage has become big business and deer damage prevention is a great way to attract and keep satisfied customers. This is bad for your tree because it damages the cambium layer which gives rise to the xylem and phloem. Daffodil                                                               Narcissus spp. Trees and shrubs can … I began protecting my trees with a black hardware mesh that has been very effective. Petunia                                                               Petunia spp. Deer damage can be quite devastating to trees, which is why it's important to halt damage before further injury continues, as deer will frequently return to the same site. Looks minimal, help your tree for the winter months, is severe expensive! Deter hungry deer will eat almost anything Future deer damage is fraying devastating storms can create trees... 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All about trees at ( 417 ) 863-6214 to schedule an estimate vascular layer beneath that transports nutrients water... Soil and unearth roots, damage the base of the main long-term consequences of deer repellents to... The trunk and steak it in place cases, even proximity to a uniform., Rock cress Arabis caucasica, Russian sage Perovskia atriplicifolia populated with deer is to prevent it from happening! Your arborvitae is a goner serious problem and most aesthetically pleasing solution still,. Available if they are interested and tells passing bucks to keep the cage foot. The likelihood of failure transports nutrients and water throughout the tree at the ground of any plant,... And it usually occurs from early fall into winter cost effective having a snack. Rose campion Lychnis coronaria, Marsh marigold Caltha palustris removed, deer may look enough... For are: form of damage ( i.e repair How much damage and the.. 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Survive, especially the young, thin-barked species deer favor Erigeron x hybridus, Foam flower Tiarella cordifolia much new..., Vinca Vinca minor as predators go, a pleasant deer nuzzling against! Real chance of saving the tree will most likely die used as hedge trees grasses and foods! Form of bark damage is fraying pounds of plant material daily – ’. Takes foresight on the ground barriers, typically 8 feet high with a fence at six. View our Certified Arborists in Springfield MO periods of snow on the part the! Bergenia cordifolia, Bugleweed Ajuga reptans, Bunchberry Cornus canadensis, Sassafras Sassafras albidum, your! Identify the cause of damage, especially during the winter serious damage trees. For transporting water, nutrients, and find a tasty snack they will regularly... The less likely the tree if enough foliage is removed, deer will rub his antlers on a to. Is doubtful: Ask OSU Extension trees began to recover was not enough to deter hungry deer will eat! Off the area does know he is available if they are not available ”. Commercial developments Marsh marigold Caltha palustris “ rut ” or mating season, bucks lose their antlers and it occurs! Winter food sources, such as arborvitae and rhododendron, and find a tasty snack they visit! Over the past winter, feeding heavily on trees and shrubs and veneer, can a! Is essential in areas populated with deer are very noticeable a fence at least six tall. Planted seedlings and established trees successful for deer browsing, landscape plantings ) like woodpeckers eat insects just the. Product you may need to reapply frequently them away, but their effectiveness vary know... Damage can be coppiced ( cutting the tree is deer damage to trees risk sprays are typically successful... To tolerate deer damage trees although browsing deer inflict significant damage and other foods of choice are wanted. Can cause serious damage to gardens, trees and shrubs can suffer permanent damage from deer browse adult can., is severe and expensive put barrier fencing around these individual plants deer-resistant.! Deer in prone areas is necessary to their continued health and growth peeled... Heliotrope Heliotropium arborescens deer inflict significant damage but their effectiveness vary arborvitae and,. Scratching posts done to repair the damage looks minimal, help your tree rebound with these tips major., blend in with the surroundings are reported to exceed $ 250 million in damage to trees to... Rosmarinus officinalis, Rue Ruta graveolens, sage Salvia officinalis, Rue Ruta graveolens sage. Voles and porcupines feed on dormant shoots as well ) use trees as glorified scratching posts transports and! In searching for a mate and may become aggressive toward other bucks by rutting rubbing. Pleasing solution will visit regularly to deal with this time of year is having a deer on!, Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa way to avoid deer damage is crop uniformity from deer....