There, visitors can take in a preserved turf farm, getting a glimpse into the past. From shop MOPhotographyPrints. A post shared by Ian Mccausland (@ianmcc) on Sep 8, 2015 at 12:47pm PDT. The tourists then bumble through words such as “bílaleigubíll” (rental car) or “torfbær” (Icelandic turf house). The typical construction of an Icelandic turf house starts with a large foundation made of flat stones. In this video we tour a traditional Icelandic turf house at the Islenski Baerinn Turf House museum (http://islenskibaerinn.is/english/). Keldur consists of a dwelling house with a number of outbuildings. A very interesting and informative visit including seeing for real a group of Turf Houses from the 19th and 20th Century as well as many antique photos from that time.Hennes is an excellent host and a... Had a wonderful visit to the museum and we were toured around by one of the volunteers for an hour learning how Icelanders lived. All the warmth in the home was provided by the fire in the kitchen since heating from coal, oil, or wood stoves was not available until the 19. century. During the 12 th and 13 th centuries, Keldur was home to the Oddi clan, one of the powerful families in Iceland during the Free State era. The entire structure was covered in turf and the growing grass helps to make the structure more sturdy. Iceland had a large amount of turf suitable for construction and as many settlers were used to the idea of turf roofs from their time in Norway, this was an obvious building material. The Icelandic Turf House: the Jewel of Arctic Architecture. As Reykjavik grew, people moved into more modern dwellings and by the 60’s there were 234 inhabited turf homes in Iceland. The staff often dresses up in traditional clothing and you are surprisingly free to roam around and really explore. Right next to the settlement is then the pride and joy, the church. They offered superior insulation compared and good ventilation compared to the more modern wooden or stone constructions. The entire structure was covered in turf and the growing grass helps to make the structure more sturdy. As a traditional Icelandic turf house, the roof of the buildings are covered with turf, or grass and sod, which has to be vigorously maintained. Another highlight for me was also an Icelandic waffle with cream and jam at the end of each visit. The Icelandic Turf House Institute is located in Árnessýslu, about an hour’s drive southeast from Reykjavik. Her favorite places are the Westfjords and the South Coast but she has lived in downtown Reykjavík for the last couple of years. Turf houses took a lot of maintenance and so sadly not many are still standing. The Icelandic turf houses were the product of the difficult climate. These buildings are biodegradable, eco-friendly and energy-efficient. It has then adapted to the harsh Icelandic climate, providing superior insulation. The number resides as the years go by and as Reykjavik got bigger (little room for turf houses there!). Easy to maintain, the turf roofs and walls needed to be trimmed regularly but the structures do collapse eventually and need to either be rebuilt or repaired. As a result, grass- and turf-covered houses were developed. So I think it is proper to write about the oldest turf house in Iceland, the historical farm of Keldur in South-Iceland.. Keldur is one of only very few preserved turf houses in South-Iceland, the other ones are f.ex. A lot, it seems. So, we take great pleasure in  presenting to you the next chapter in this blog: For many kids raised in Reykjavik, this is their closest turf farm. The flooring was typically wood, stone or just earth, depending on the buildings purpose. Photo Credit. Thus giving an even better view of the life that once took place inside these walls. One of these family members was my great grandfather so I hold a special bond with this place. The Icelandic Turf House, Selfoss: See 60 reviews, articles, and 58 photos of The Icelandic Turf House, ranked No.5 on Tripadvisor among 15 attractions in Selfoss. The rooms were often below ground where the earth doesn’t freeze. A house with garden is for sale in Selfoss, Iceland. The farm has not been rebuilt but simply just fixed up. 145 square... ISK 109,526,885. It is a small cluster of houses, extremely well kept and the artifacts inside tell a dazzling story of life once lives. The only additional wood to be added would be for doors and doorways. The Icelandic Turf-house Project is an example of a private enterprise. The farm has a long history tracing back to the middle ages and some of the artifacts at the museum will have a similar story to tell. The Icelandic Turf-house Project is a restoration and an exhibition project about Icelandic turf-house heritage that aims to explore it from different vantage points, including the aesthetic. This site uses cookies. In the 12th and 13th century, Keldur was one of the manors of the most powerful clans in Iceland; the Oddi clan. This is the main material used for roof material from the 19th century and actually served as a wonderful insulation against the wind and cold. 5 out of 5 stars (59) 59 reviews $ 15.00. Icelandic turf houses, “torfbaeir” and sometimes referred to as ‘hobbit homes’, were the built to withstand the brutal Icelandic climate, survive earthquakes and use zero energy. The building is put together of five buildings, all connected through their turf bricks. Many Game of Thrones fans might recognize this place as the scene where the Wildlings kill a whole village leaving no one but a little boy. The more sturdy of houses could often last from 50 to 70 years. The only additional wood to be added would be for doors and doorways. If you visit Iceland today it is quite hard to believe that once the country was largely covered in trees. the turf house at Austur-Meðalholt, which is now a museum, and at Skógar museum you will find a lovely collection of turf houses. This is the main material used for roof material from the 19th century and actually served as a wonderful insulation against the wind and cold. We can't wait for summer to arrive, how about you? Húsasafnið séð að ofan // The Open Air Museum seen from above . House For Sale. Come and join us #sumardagurinnfyrsti #laufas #laufás #grenivik #grenivík #akureyri #visiticeland #iceland #northeast #visitakureyri #eyjafjordur #eyjafjörður #firstdayofsummer #horses #icelandichorse #turfhouse #turf #icelandicturfhouse, A post shared by Gamli bærinn Laufás (@laufasmuseum) on Apr 23, 2019 at 7:54am PDT. The extraordinary turf houses at Keldur farm have been built many times over and ruins of about 18 farmsteads have been discovered throughout the years. 10 Most Famous Landmarks in Iceland | The Must See’s. forms : { event : event, HOUSE SÚÐAVÍK. There is plenty to see at Skogar, which has been a museum since 1949. The typical construction of an Icelandic turf house starts with a large foundation made of flat stones. Lava rocks from eruptions were used as building materials for the farmstead and driftwood was also used. Still, This is a fantastic rebuilt of a farm from the settlement times that is believed to have been abandoned due to the volcano’s Hekla eruption in 1104. Icelandic turf houses belong to a tradition that was introduced by the Vikings in the 9th century. The ordinary Icelandic turf house would have a substantial foundation made of flat stones; upon this was built a wooden frame which would hold the load of the turf. Turf, also known as peat, is the accumulation of decayed vegetation or organic matter. In particular, was birch dominant just as it is today. Every year there is a seminar run by Fornverkaskólinn in collaboration with Hólar University and Skagafjörður Heritage Museum, where you can learn how to construct a traditional Icelandic house. The Icelandic Turf House: the Jewel of Arctic Architecture. Keldur turf-farm and an employee from the National Museum In the 14th century the Viking style longhouses were gradually abandoned, replaced by many smaller and specialised buildings which interconnected. The biggest focus was on the badstofa or the great hall were the whole family and entourage would gather for the night to eat, sleep and socialize. Hotels near The Icelandic Turf House: (9.28 km) 360 Hotel (9.00 km) Guesthouse Heba (8.23 km) Lambastadir Guesthouse (7.87 km) Thoristun Apartments (6.94 km) Gesthus Selfoss; View all hotels near The Icelandic Turf House on Tripadvisor } The traditional Iceland turf house would have a large foundation made of flat stones, and a wooden frame which would hold the turf. The entrance on the left leads into a very low-ceilinged space; too low for me to stand up in. They remained the most common form of housing in Iceland until the 20th century, when urbanization and modernization took the country by storm. In 1942, The National Museum of Iceland bought the old turf farm and farmhouse as part of the National Museums Historic Buildings Collection. This Icelandic turf house used by fisherman was much more modest than Glaumbaer or Laufas. Both are fully furnished and have become museums for Icelanders and tourists to learn about Icelanders’ history. House For Sale. Thankfully, over a quarter of the island was covered in forests when they first arrived. Turf has been used as an architectural material for thousands of years by cultures across Europe, and in Iceland, this became the primary technique for building houses. Digging deep into tradition to try to find a way to do so. You might still see an occasional grass roof but that has everything to do with architecture and Icelanders wanting to hold on to their beloved heritage rather than any need for turf as insulation material. The frame is then clad with turf, often in two layers to help insulate. Furthermore was Iceland packed with suitable turf and therefore an excellent opportunity to build turf houses. Icelandic Turf Houses Long before environmentally-friendly construction became popular, people in Iceland were constructing turfhouses. 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