Maximus: My name is Gladiator. Learn More: Triumphs and Flaws of Imperial Rome. “A general who became a slave. 38. In a recreation of the Battle of Zama (incorrectly named the Battle of Carthage) at the Colosseum, Maximus leads Proximo's gladiators to decisive victory against a more powerful force, much to the amazement of the crowd. Contemporary Roman writer Cassius Dio describes the young heir as “rather simple-minded,” but he ruled agreeably with his father and joined Marcus Aurelius in the Marcomannic Wars against the Germanic tribes along the Danube, which the emperor … Commodus, in full Caesar Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, original name (until 180 ce) Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, (born August 31, 161 ce, Lanuvium, Latium [now Lanuvio, Italy]—died December 31, 192), Roman emperor from 177 to 192 (sole emperor after 180). Not only were the senators and knights forced to attend whenever Commodus took to the sand, but they also had to chant: “You are lord and you are first, of all men most fortunate. Teilen . Father … By 192 A.D., the Roman people had had enough. In the arena, Commodus won all fights, and his rivals gave up asking for mercy. Commodus wasn't as bad in real life as he was in either this film, though he did fight as a gladiator in the arena (though not to the death as it is portrayed here), and is actually best-known for being the last of the "Pax Romana", the Golden Age of Rome. 1. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix, who would later portray Arthur Fleck in Joker. Maximus: My name is Gladiator. Sources diverge on the origins of the conspiracy, with some claiming Lucilla was jealous of Commodus’ wife Crispina (incest between Commodus and Lucilla is suggested in Gladiator) while others maintain she saw the first warning signs of her brother’s mental instability. Dio notes that Commodus was a left-handed gladiator, a fact of which he was very proud. Disappointment aside, Aurelius continued to promote Commodus through the ranks. His accession as emperor was the first time a son had succeeded his father since Titus succeeded Vespasian in 79. Then, discover the most fascinating facts from the entirety of ancient history. 2. The benevolent emperor Claudius who improved Rome with public works was followed by his stepson Nero, who infamously burnt it to the ground. Search, discover and share your favorite Gladiator GIFs. Updates? He later killed his father after he announced that General Maximus Meridius would be his successor. He lived in the shadow of his father, hoping one day to become the Emperor, but all his dreams were crushed after knowing that his own father would choose Maximus instead of him. The best GIFs are on GIPHY. Before his death, the Emperor chooses Maximus to be his heir over his own son, Commodus, and a power struggle leaves Maximus and his family condemned to death. He appears to have won every bout he fought. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Commodus, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Commodus. Commodus wasn't as bad in real life as he was in either this film, though he did fight as a gladiator in the arena (though not to the death as it is portrayed here), and is actually best-known for being the last of the "Pax Romana", the Golden Age of Rome. The Romans found Commodus' naked gladiatorial combats to be scandalous and disgraceful. It was rumored that he was actually the son, not of Marcus Aurelius, but of a gladiator whom his mother Faustina had taken as a lover at the coastal resort of Caieta. After this look at Commodus, check out these interesting facts about Ancient Rome. Its protagonist, Maximus, is entirely fictitious. Gladiator and Death. In fact, the rule of Commodus might have gone down as quite unremarkable in the history of Rome were it not for one unfortunate incident. He gave Rome a new name, Colonia Commodiana (Colony of Commodus), and imagined that he was the god Hercules, entering the arena to fight as a gladiator or to kill lions with bow and arrow. On December 31, 192, his advisers had him strangled by a champion wrestler, following his announcement the day before that he would assume the consulship, dressed as a gladiator. фото of Commodus for Фаны of Gladiator 474014. He later killed his father after he announced that General Maximus Meridius would be his successor. Commodus was made coruler when he was just 16 years old, and he was emperor before he turned 19. This was an actual title one could achieve (Pater Patriae, or Father of the Fatherland) which Commodus was awarded in AD 177. 4. In 182 Commodus’s sister Lucilla conspired with a group of senators to assassinate him. 8.) Political influence then passed to the emperor’s mistress and two advisers. "Story of a Gladiator" ist ein Arena-Beat-'em-up, in dem du in die Rolle eines Mannes auf der Suche nach seinem Schicksal schlüpfst - nur um es im Sand des Kolosseums zu finden. Commodus (161-192) was the son of Marcus Aurelius. This rumor was further fueled by Commodus’ love for engaging in gladiator battles as an adult, which led to speculation that his father was indeed a gladiator with whom Faustina had an affair. 2. As for … Kommentieren . …emperor Marcus Aurelius and his son spent the next 20 years curbing their inroads, and archaeology shows that the wars were highly destructive. It worked and the Nerva-Antonine dynasty which had ruled Rome for nearly a century had come to an end and the city soon descended into civil war. [turns away from Commodus] Commodus: How dare you show your back to me! So this type of duels usually didn’t end in death. He took the throne as regent, but was killed by Maximus in the Colosseum. His fictionalized depiction as a mad emperor in the film Gladiator actually plays down some of his less believable excesses while giving him a nobler death. The first, Sextus Tigidius Perennis, Commodus put to death after becoming convinced he was conspiring against him. He took the throne as regent, but was killed by Maximus in the Colosseum. He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix. It was rumored that he was actually the son, not of Marcus Aurelius, but of a gladiator whom his mother Faustina had taken as a lover at the coastal resort of Caieta. Death smiles at us all. But Commodus was not satisfied with such private fights. Lucius Aurelius Commodus was born to the philosopher/king and Faustina the Younger at Lanuvium, a city fourteen miles southeast of Rome on August 31, 161 CE. They then sent in an athlete to strangle the 31-year old emperor in his bath. 9# Commodus’ death. The executions of the senators had whet his appetite for blood and he devoted himself “to combats of wild beasts and of men.” Not merely content to hunt in private, the emperor began to perform in the Colosseum itself, competing as a gladiator to the delight of the crowds and horror of the senate, as depicted in Gladiator. When Marcus Aurelius tells Commodus his decision, Commodus - who has always felt unloved and ignored by his father - flies into a rage and strangles him. And what could be more glorious than to challenge the Emperor himself in the great arena?” – Commodus. The emperor eventually decided to abandon “the reins of the empire” and chose to give “himself up to chariot-racing and licentiousness and performed scarcely any of the duties pertaining to his office.” He appointed a series of his favorites to manage the administration of his empire, each of whom seemed crueler and more incompetent than the last. There are myriad stories of Julius Caesar, Nero, Caligula, and then there’s Emperor Commodus, who set Rome on its road to ruin. In the later stages of his reign Commodus became ever more obsessed with performing as a gladiator. He would be the first emperor born while his father was the emperor and the last to inherit the throne as the previous five emperors (i… Commodus in the arena most often appeared as secutor– a heavily armed type of gladiator, equipped with a large shield (like scutum), a shoulder pad on the right hand, a closed helmet and sword. Commodus (Lucius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus, 31 August 161 – 31 December 192) was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. In Gladiator Lucius Commodus proclaims his desire to hold the Roman citizens to his bosom like a father. Commodus appears for the final time in Chapter VII, when Marius, now having assumed the mantle of Damocles, swears revenge on Commodus for betraying his legion and sets out to kill him. And so his reign is generally seen to have begun on the death of his father in AD 180. Commodus was a terrible ruler by virtually any standard. In Gladiator Begins, Commodus, although ruthless in pursuit of his goals, shows great respect and admiration for the Protagonist. An illustration of the murder of Commmodus. He executed the two would-be assassins along with a group of prominent senators who were also allegedly involved while Lucilla was exiled to Capri before also being killed on her brother’s orders a year later. Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, or just Commodus for short, is the main antagonist of the 2000 historic action film Gladiator. His accession as emperor was the first time a son had succeeded his father since Titus succeeded Vespasian in 79. Meanwhile, Commodus was lapsing into insanity. Commodus also had a passion for gladiatorial combat, which he took so far as to take to the arena himself, dressed as a gladiator. The son of Emperor Marcus Aurelius, Commodus wants to be seen as the most powerful Roman emperor of all time so he would be worshiped as a god. Titus died when he and Commodus were four years old, and the following year Commodus was officially given the rank of “Caesar”. When a freak fire torched half of Rome’s downtown area in 191, Commodus did what any emperor was … He even changed parts of his palace into an arena in order to fight beasts there or gladiators. Before his death, the Emperor chooses Maximus to be his heir over his own son, Commodus, and a power struggle leaves Maximus and his family condemned to death. A small group of conspirators, including the emperor’s chamberlain and mistress, Marcia, decided to kill him. Commodus is the main antagonist in the 2000 film, Gladiator. 4# Commodus the gladiator. There are myriad stories of Julius Caesar, Nero, Caligula, and then there’s Emperor Commodus, who set Rome on its road to ruin. Commodus was assassinated. But now, the people want to know how the story ends. Had Commodus been emperor from AD 177, no-one doubted that true power remained in the hands of his father. Slave, you will remove your helmet and tell me your name. Share the best GIFs now >>> Commodus (31 August 161 – 31 December 192), born Lucius Aurelius Commodus and died Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, was Roman Emperor from AD 180 to 192. So this type of duels usually didn’t end in death. The powerful general is unable to save his family, and his loss of will allows him to get captured and put into the Gladiator games until he dies. 1 Biography 2 What … Umarmungen Gladiator, von Commodus. Cassius Dio recorded one incident where, after becoming tired out, Commodus ordered a cup of chilled wine to him and “drank it at one gulp.” In an amusing anecdote, Dio continued, “At this both the populace and we senators all immediately shouted out the words so familiar at drinking-bouts, ‘Long life to you!'”. As Edward Gibbon noted in his famous Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, in the intervening years between the death of Domitian and the reign of Commodus, “the vast extent of the Roman empire was governed by absolute power, under the guidance of virtue and wisdom.” The “Five Good Emperors,” ruled efficiently and under them the Roman people enjoyed “a rational freedom.” However, just when the days of the mad emperors seemed long gone, Commodus brought the madness roaring back. Marcus "Aurelius" Commodus is a fictional character and the main antagonist of the 2000 Oscar winner historic action film Gladiator. Commodus was the son of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Commodus, the son and heir of the distinguished ‘ philosopher emperor’ Marcus Aurelius , was a failure as a Roman emperor.He was appointed co-emperor of Rome and ruled alongside his father when he was just 16 years old and became the sole emperor after the death of his father in 180 AD. Pixabay. Auch wenn der historische Commodus sich gelegentlich als Gladiator versuchte: er starb nicht in der Arena, sondern im Bad, wo er von dem Ringer Narcissus erwürgt wurde. But this slaughter was simply the warm-up act to the main event: the emperor was also planning to fight as a gladiator. He kept most of the advisers from his father’s regime in place and the first three years of his reign ran as smoothly as that of his father with the added benefit that Rome was no longer fighting any wars. Die korrekte Reihenfolge wäre Decimus Meridius Maximus. A gladiator (Latin: gladiator, "swordsman", from gladius, "sword") was an armed combatant who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire in violent confrontations with other gladiators, wild animals, and condemned criminals. The son of Emperor Marcus Aurelius, Commodus wants to be seen as the most powerful Roman emperor of all time so he would be worshiped as a god. 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