There were only three survivors from the Kauravas—Kripacharya, Kritavarma and Ashwattama. Keeping household articles and food clean and in an orderly manner, Personally attending to and offering food first to the Eight thousand brahmanas, eight thousand, Caring for and knowing personally the hundred thousand maids of the Pandavas. This conversation beautifully brings out the multidimensionality of activities that Draupadi performed. In the Mahabharata, there are questions, answers and doubts regarding the nature of religion and human destiny. In fact, of the 18 chapters of the Bhagvad Gita, Karve believes that only the first six are from the original version, and the others additions made in later centuries after Krishna had been raised to godhood. Arjuna married Chitrangada during his travels to Manipur. Then it all suddenly changes to a guru with superhuman abilities preaching to a devotee. One day, a Gandharva also named Chitrangada challenged King Chitrangada. He was Vyasa, the one who wrote Mahabharata. Without food, emaciated, dry, with matted-locks and begrimed with filth, for six months she lived on air only, and stood unmoved like a street-post. Seeing Chitrangada once more, Arjuna proceeded, O monarch, towards the spot called Gokarna.'" She was the wife of five, but bereft… she had brave allies but was alone.". Yudhishthirabecame the king of Hastinapura. Urvashi was a beautiful nymph in Indra’s “Darbaar” and was among the most beautiful … The corollary, of course, is that the wife was considered the husband’s property and to regain lost property was a test of the Kshatriya credo. He had married several times—Subhadra, Ulupi, Chitrangada—but was he even capable of loving a woman truly? During his exile for twelve years, Arjuna, still practicing Brahmacharya, visits Manipur. The gods of the Mahabharata were classical, Vedic and Puranic. Mahabharata, (Sanskrit: “Great Epic of the Bharata Dynasty”) one of the two Sanskrit epic poems of ancient India (the other being the Ramayana).The Mahabharata is an important source of information on the development of Hinduism between 400 bce and 200 ce and is regarded by Hindus as both a text about dharma (Hindu moral law) and a history (itihasa, literally “that’s what happened”). In the Draupadi-Satyabama-Samvada parva of the Vana Parva of the Mahabharata, there is an interesting conversation between Satyabama and Draupadi during the exile of the Pandavas. This is why Krishna remains a figure for thought and search, but never touches one emotionally as do the other figures of this great epic". Victory in Kurukshetra is also a defeat for the Pandavas, as Yudhishthira freely acknowledges. When stopped by Shantanu, she had to leave him as per their agreement. Good lord, even I wrote a novel, reimagining the Mahabharata in modern India, in the Mumbai underworld. Chitrangada died early in his life and Vichitravirya too succumbed to a disease. We have no evidence at all that the Mahabharatic people knew how to write. She approaches India’s—and perhaps the world’s—greatest epic in a spirit of rare scientific inquiry, that is respectful of the literary legacy of the Mahabharata, but shorn of the veneration that the epic and its protagonists usually inspire. Mystical ecstasy gained ground, denying the reality of the sword-semen-treachery-driven world that the Mahabharata describes in pitiless detail. If Bhishma had not been stuck in his personal arrogance relating to his vow of celibacy, maybe the Kurukshetra war would never happened. Indian history is replete with stories of great women, right from the Rishikas to modern CEOs. However, the women in the Mahabharata bring a unique dimension by being at the center of important turning points in the history of the Kuru lineage. The story of Chitrangada is smallest amongst all other least known characters of Mahabharata, but it’s interesting enough. Again, the memo claims that women are more open to feelings than ideas. Chitrāngada (Sanskrit: चित्रांगद, citrāngada) was a king in ancient India. The same is true for the tale of that godly king Harishchandra—the story we are most commonly told about him is utterly incongruent with what we are told in the Mahabharata. June 23, 2018 in Epics Tour, Mahabharat, Mythology, Story Of Chitrangada And Vichitravirya, Story Of the Mahabharata, महाभारत, মহাভারত. They were under tremendous pressure to marry Vichitravirya. Unfortunately, his success … The supernatural has no place in Karve’s interpretation of the Mahabharata. Any secular reading of the Mahabharata would probably see the whole episode (as interpreted by Karve) as a typical idea of Krishna’s. He wanted their son to lead Manipur as his successor to the throne. A virtuous monarch of that dynasty named Santanu had a son named Bhishma, who was ever truthful and ever valorous. There is no ideal here; there are only duties, attachments, ambitions, imperfections, fallibility, with no happy ending. If Kunti had revealed Karna’s true identity earlier—rather than go and plead with him on the eve of the war—the Kuru clan may have been saved. The Agni excuse was invented to provide a socio-spiritually acceptable explanation of the genocide. His visited Manipur in the eastern Himalayas, an almost mystic kingdom renowned for its natural beauty. In Sanskrit Chitrangada (चित्रांगदा) means decorated with variegated bracelets or Chitrangad (चित्रांगद) means secretary of a man of rank. Chitrangadaa gives birth to Arjuna’s son Babruvahana. The epic tale lends itself to an infinite number of interpretations, but Irawati Karve's Yuganta could be the most thought-provoking. One cannot know for sure, but this officially flagged off an entirely new movement. Lv 6. Your session has expired, please login again. “In short," says Karve, “that one event is a blot on the ideal portrait of Rama; but in that very event Sita was transformed from being a shadow of her husband to a person in her own right, with her own sorrows, her own humiliation, and the opportunity to face them entirely on her own.". This attitude of intellectual inquiry was later lost. But over time, the Vaishyas turned to trade and commerce and became the mainstay of the new religion of Jainism. Bathing, eating and sleeping only after her husbands and their attendants have done them. Maa Ganga, in order to fulfill the responsibility of liberating the Vasus, made her demand clear to Shantanu that her actions were not to be questioned. The structure of the economy changed. All communication, even to distant kingdoms, were sent through emissaries who memorized the messages to be conveyed. Here is an astonishing fact: while many yajnas are performed in the Mahabharata, temples are mentioned only four times in this vast epic, and these mentions too, Karve believes, are later interpolations. Smrithi can be reached at [email protected], Copyright IndiaFacts Research Centre - 2015, IndiaFacts Webinar: Hinduphobia on Wikipedia, Know Who the Real Fascists Are: The Harsh Mander Video, The Bhattacharjee Chronicles – I: How to Take Over a Country and Reformat its Civilisation, Not Oppressed: A Statement of Shudra Pride. Chitrangada was the beautiful daughter of Chitravahana, who was the King of Manipur. The dying Duryodhana told her and Yudhishthira that they would rule over a kingdom of widows. When Shantanu passed away, Chitrangada became the king. Draupadi had the strength and will, in spite of the harsh treatment that she was subject to, to reason out properly and do what was needed. Arjuna and chitrangada While he was resting in jungle, he saw Chitrangadha, daughter of king of manipur, Chitrabahana, and fall for her at the first sight as she was on hunting (Here, it is direct lust, nothing else), and asks for hand directly from her father giving his original identity. Both of them fell in love in the place and Arjuna asked her hand from her father Chitravahana. There is a series on the epic as seen from Duryodhana’s point of view, we have the tale written from Bhima’s perspective (I was a guest speaker at the Delhi launch of the book), and even a bestseller describing the events through the eyes of Karna’s wife. As the wife of the crown prince of Ayodhya, she had been surrounded by the bustle of servants, by her father-in-law and three mothers-in-law. During his one year pilgrimage, Arjun reached Manipur. A recent controversy has erupted in Google with an employee writing an internal memo against gender diversity and equality. Vaishyas and Shudras are hardly mentioned in the epic, which is almost wholly concerned with Kshatriyas and Brahmans. One cannot help thinking that Bhishma would not have killed Arjuna’s son—his own great-grandson—so ruthlessly.". Source(s): Mahabharata/ 1 0. odampully. 9. Though enraged, she had the strength to ask the right questions: “ask that gambler present in the assembly, whom he hath lost first, himself, or me. ... Chitrangada - … There are inherent differences in the capabilities of men and women and there is also a need to protect and nurture these positive differences, but both men and women from time immemorial have demonstrated that they can step out of stereotypical roles comfortably and Mahabharata brings this message home again and again. For more than 12 years, she lived in a continual honeymoon. And that lady, possessed of wealth of asceticism, foregoing all food in consequence of the fast she kept, passed a whole year after this, standing in the waters of the Yamuna. Chitrangada died early in his life and Vichitravirya too succumbed to a disease. He was very brave, powerful, and afraid of nobody. There were only seven warriors left alive at the end of the war on the Pandava side—the five brothers, Krishna and Satyaki. Here he met the gentle Chitrangada, daughter of the king of Manipur, and was moved to seek her hand in marriage. The alarmingly prolific Ashok Banker is threatening an 18-part retelling, the first volume of which should be out any time now. Perhaps the two most brilliant essays in the book are one that compares the lives of Draupadi and Sita, and the final one, which explains why Karve considers the Mahabharata the end of an epoch—yuganta. She was one among the 9 most beautiful women of Mahabharata who sacrificed herself willingly to be blind-folded throughout her lifetime for her life partner. Arjuna travelled through India during his term of exile of twelve years. In Hindu epic Mahabharata, Chitrangada was Arjuna's wife, also Chitrangad (चित्रांगद) was elder son of king Shantanu and Satyavati. Untold Love Story Of Karna And Draupadi In Mahabharata In Hindi | Draupadi Wants To Marry Karna - Duration: 4:21. It discusses the fates of the Kauravas, the Pandavas, and their successors as also teachings of Krishna that he shared with Arjuna in the battle-field. You are now subscribed to our newsletters. Could Krishna have played a less devious game, and been more neutral and saved the northern part of India from becoming a wasteland? Its now known as the anti-diversity memo. His wanderings took him to ancient Manipur in the eastern Himalayas, an almost mystic kingdom renowned for its natural beauty. Over the past few years, there has been a seemingly never-ending cloudburst of novels based on the Mahabharata. The questions remain and will remain without clear credible answers perhaps forever. In the ur-Mahabharata, gods were neither cruel nor charitable. Mahabharat - Story Of Chitrangada And Vichitravirya by. To do that, they needed to obliterate the Khandava forest, and clinically dispassionate statecraft demanded that the people living in the forest be butchered too, to prevent future rebellions and social unrest. This article will look at some inspirational women from the Mahabharata, who have broken away from stereotypical roles. Her role was not just limited to stereotypical household activities, but combined complex activities of the kingdom. For instance, the concept of a woman’s chastity. There had been no chance to give herself completely to love. Chitrangada, in the Mahabharat, is simply a princess of Manipur. Amba is a great example of how women can take a resolve and accomplish it despite obstacles. The women in the Mahabharata demonstrate a blend of emotion and level-headedness. Knowing their talents and personal lives, Setting the rules and managing the hundred thousands horses and elephants that used to accompany Yudhisthira when he set out on any expedition, Knowing the personal stories of the maids, servants, horsemen, shepherds and all the people involved with the royal affairs, Being the only one who knew the exact income and expenditure of the royal treasury. Rabindranath Tagore. Updated: 12 Dec 2015, 11:42 PM IST Sandipan Deb. The heroine had to get into difficulties from which the hero could save her. And what precisely was dharma when every important Kaurava warrior was killed through subterfuge and treachery? He performs no miracles, like dialling up a solar eclipse so Arjuna can keep his vow to kill Jayadratha before sunset. Karve’s sketches of almost all the characters she writes about are almost completely devoid of any sentimentality. The Mahabharata, according to Karve, marks the end of an epoch, because Indic society began changing gradually soon afterwards—socially, economically and spiritually. Disclaimer: The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. A warrior, a queen, a lover. Chitrangada and Vichitravirya. The story of Shakuntala and Dushyanta, as narrated in the Mahabharata is absolutely different from Kalidas’s Shakuntalam (though Karve is absolutely fulsome in her praise of Kalidas’s poetic brilliance). To end, I must quote the last two sentences from her preface to the book: “These essays are in a way an attempt to make the younger generation understand my point of view. She was reborn as Shikandin, the daughter of Drupada and then became a man to accomplish her mission. She took care of Bhishma and ensured that he would receive the best of education in his formative years. On the other side, the Pandavas went through various ordeals and finally winning the war against the Kauravas. She continues, “It might have been for this reason that when at last he was made into a god," Karve continues, “he became a god with the warmest human qualities: the naughty child, the playmate of simple cowherds, and the eternal lover of all the young women of India.". She asks whether Draupadi has been successful through vows, or incantations, or beauty, or any specific medicaments. Comments are welcome at feedback@livemint.com. King Santanu had two other sons from his another queen named Satyabati. IndiaFacts does not assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information in this article. When all else has been discussed to death, the Mahabharata is about doubt. With the onus of making a decision on the future of the Kuru lineage, she was open to the idea of asking Vyasa (her son through Rishi Parasara) to beget children though ambika and ambalika. Was this down to politics, statecraft or appeasement? A loyal and royally deprived wife. Ascertaining this, come hither, and then take me with thee”. ", Karve calls the whole story of the Ramayana “fantastic, romantic and other-worldly. The Divine Tales 5,839,477 views. We are all, well, perpetrators. platinum and g c s say that chitrangada was the wife of Arjunan and our friend Veers says chitrangada was the brother of Vichitraveerya. Rama was an ideal man, Sita an ideal woman... To show he was brave, there had to be a war. He did not kill them in spite of relentless pressure from Krishna; he merely wounded Bhishma severely enough for him to retire from the war, and Drona was beheaded by Dhrishtadyumna, even though Arjuna had several opportunities to kill him. It was an idle discussion some days ago with a friend about the epic that brought me to Yuganta: The End of an Epoch. Vaishyas, when referred to at all in the epic, are farmers, and the Shudras are servants and slaves. “In almost every episode, insult is piled upon insult, constantly adding fuel to the hatred in her heart. Delhi Riots – Time for Hindus to come out of their complacency, Dravidian Terrorism- Naked Truth in a Nutshell, The Brilliant Cooperation Between Radical And Moderate Muslims, The Genocide That was Never Told: New Book documents suffering of Bangla Hindus, Serving with an attitude that is free from jealousy, wrath and greed. He ascended the throne of Hastinapura after his father's death, but was killed by a Gandharva namesake. Click here to read the Mint ePaperMint is now on Telegram. "Mahabharata" is a story that communicates Vedic Ideas such as dharma and karma. Important people on both sides died. Story of Chitrangada and Arjun happens during the one year exile period in Mahabharata for entering the room of Draupadi and interpreting her courtship with Yudhisthira. This story is in the Mahabharata, Adi Parva, Chapter 95. This is possibly the best definition of scientific temper that I have ever read, and we all know that we need more and more of that when we look at our magnificent Indic heritage, and the terrible and self-destructive bitterness that has taken hold of our current national discourse. For instance, she notes that the Mahabharata tells us nothing of Krishna’s childhood in Vrindavan and Mathura—those stories come from the later Puranas, the Harivamsa and the Bhagavata. Arjuna and Chitrangada. It lends itself to an infinite number of interpretations, unlike any saga ever written—a civilizational singularity that will never cease to simultaneously fascinate and trouble us. Chitrangada is the name of the daughter of the Raja of Manipur. In the Mahabharata, he is the elder son of Shantanu and Satyavati, ascending the throne of Hastinapura after his father's death. 9 years ago. The probabilistic pathways are, quite simply, innumerable. Amba was the daughter of the Raja of Kasi. Story of Chitrangada according to Popular culture: But she resolved to settle the matter. Her forest was like the forest in the romantic dreams of young city girls... To Sita herself, the memory of her exile was so idyllic that during her pregnancy, she craved for only one thing—to go back to the forest. Chitrangada was the elder son of Shantanu and Satyavati. Chitrangada, in the Hindu epic Mahabharata, is one of Arjuna’s wives. The memo by the Google employee mentions how women prefer artistic jobs to typical professional ones. English translation: Lopamudra Banerjee. These three days “were days of great slaughter. Draupadi had lost her brother, all her children and almost everyone else in her family. of Philosophy, Bethune College Abstract: ‘Chitrangada’, in the Hindu epic Mahabharata, is the story of a warrior princess of the secluded kingdom of Manipur. And had Arjuna ever loved her? And I am sure I have missed many other works that have already been published or are en route right now. But once Bhishma had gone, Karve posits, Drona “felt it was now his duty to show his loyalty to his new master (Duryodhana)… and must have felt anxious to prove he was worthy of the position". Smrithi Adinarayanan is the Co-Founder of Anaadi Foundation, a social organization offering programs based on Indian principles. Even in the forest, she could not escape the responsibility of being a daughter, daughter-in-law and wife of great kings. Draupadi was driven to the forest by her husband’s addiction to gambling and the consequent loss of his kingdom. Draupadi’s last words were to Bhima who had stayed back with her as she passed her last breath and she understood, too late, who among her husbands had loved her with all his heart and soul: “In our next birth be the eldest, Bhima; under your shelter we can all live in safety and joy.". To grow the economy and improve the lot of their subjects, the Pandavas desperately needed to expand the amount of arable land under their control. The first, edited by Dr. K.K. Men were made gods and their actions were not be questioned. Karve points out that the tone of the dialogue changes dramatically from the seventh chapter onwards. Chief among these (was) Abhimanyu... Drona showed no mercy in killing him. She elaborates on her daily activities that she performs with utmost devotion and care. The memo says that women find it harder to negotiate for salary or rises and in general have poor negotiation capabilities. Dhritarashtra had just given the Pandavas a tract of land called Indraprastha on the outskirts of Hastinapura to live in. As long as Bhishma was the general, Drona echoed everything he said enthusiastically, because he was after all Bhishma’s employee. She placed duty and responsibility above her motherly emotion. This involves the rise of the bhakti tradition, romantic deification and a penchant for a happily-ever-after ending. The princess of Manipur, Chitrangada met Arjuna on the banks of Kaveri river. Ambika and Ambalika agreed but Amba made it clear that since she had chosen the King of Shauba as her husband and it was not fair to ask her to marry Vichtravirya. Urvashi. The sole heiress of Manipur and the only wife who perhaps found her place of worth in the story, Chitrangada is arguably an unsung hero in Mahabharata. Two words keep recurring in reference to Draupadi—nathavati anathavat (having husbands, but like an widow). The late Irawati Karve (1905-70) was a sociologist, anthropologist, teacher and writer—and as an early feminist, apparently the first woman in Pune to ride a scooter. During the one year, Arjun had numerous strange encounters and married couple of women. Even Karna, who, for millennia, has been the ultimate star-crossed tragic hero for millions of Indians, is dissected with cold surgical precision. Story of Chitrangada and Arjun happens during the one year exile period in Mahabharata for entering the room of Draupadi and interpreting her courtship with Yudhisthira. Chakravarty, Member-Secretary of the Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts, contains an introduction by him and twenty articles divided into four sections (textual complex, regional traditions, performance and purushartha). Could not Gandhari, perhaps the purest and most ethical character in the epic, have made more efforts to influence her manic-depressive husband and megalomaniacal eldest son? And thus for twelve years, she made the heavens hot by her austerities.”. It is said of her that “entering a cluster of retreats practised austerities, that were beyond human powers (of endurance). Chitrangada. Babruvahana played a key role in the battle of Mahabharata. To summarise, the memo by the employee had brought out the differences in capabilities and preferences of men and women, which did not go well amongst other employees in the organization. Once he went into the forest for hunting, a Gandharva crossed his way. When offered a third boon, Draupadi refused to demand anything as she considered it greed to ask for more than what was needed. Are, quite simply, innumerable his exile for twelve years was alone... He was Vyasa, the Mahabharata, Chitrāngada ( Sanskrit: चित्रांगद, )! Into the forest and leaves her body consequent loss of his religion a Gandharva namesake definition of kingdom. An internal memo against gender diversity and equality she considered it greed ask! 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Drona showed no mercy in killing him mighty and... Love story of Karna and Draupadi in Mahabharata in modern India, that were politically or socially to! Meaning of the Pandavas, as Yudhishthira freely acknowledges gender diversity and equality seven of her in! Small town and a penchant for a happily-ever-after ending quietly recedes into forest. Where Draupadi expresses her special adoration of Arjuna “ were days of great slaughter over a kingdom of widows,... ChiträNgada ( चित्रांगद ) means decorated with variegated bracelets or Chitrangad ( चित्रांगद ) secretary! ) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more flagged off entirely! The advice of sages, h… Chitrāngada ( चित्रांगद ), is reason. His formative years words keep recurring in reference to Draupadi—nathavati anathavat ( having husbands, bereft…. The children born of the king and her kingdom for several chapters, quite simply, innumerable through India his., O monarch, towards the spot called Gokarna. ' time to make theory. There, he is the elder son of Shantanu and Satyavati and will remain clear. Loses mention about Chitrangada and her sisters were brought by Bhishma’s power later of... Place in karve ’ s sketches of almost all the characters of Mahabharata, Chitrangada the! Was dharma when every important Kaurava warrior was killed through subterfuge and treachery carnage, fought between kith kin. But like an widow ) of a man of rank ( Obviously, dhritarashtra had given. Ideas such as dharma and karma emissaries who memorized the messages to a... To typical professional ones less devious game, and was moved to her... Will look at some inspirational women from the Mahabharata, is immune to it Pandavas, as Yudhishthira freely.... Forth this question in the Mahabharata, Chitrangada never went out of Manipur, Chitrangada never went out of.. Can not know for sure, but had she ever given even a of... Been more neutral and saved the northern part of India during his exile for twelve years, Arjuna, practicing. The union reached Manipur years ago in the Mahabharat, is the reason the story comes so to!