French Translation of “sit down” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. Report an error or suggest an improvement. ' As you can see, the -a or -e endings are added onto the same stem used in present tense: Fully irregular verbs can transform completely. Spanish commands, otherwise known as imperatives, are verb forms used to directly address someone and give them an order. Walk four blocks. Most commands are directed at a peer or someone you know well, so most of the time you’ll find yourself using the informal tú, vosotros, or nosotros. 5. Camina [tú imperativo] cuatro cuadras. Below you will find the conjugations for all the simple tenses of sentarse—present and past in the indicative and subjunctive moods, the conditional, the future, and the imperative. (Please do bear in mind that…). Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. To tell someone to do something, surprisingly, most of the time you simply need to remember the él/ella present tense indicativo. Spanish words for sit down include sentarse, átese, siéntese, sentar a, sentásemos, siéntense and sentaran. The more common way, shown here, is to attach the appropriate pronoun to the gerund. And for “stay”, you can use quieto. If the imperative form of the verb has more than one syllable, a written accent is added when attaching a pronoun to ease pronunciation. Start studying Spanish II - informal affirmative commands, formal and plural commands and Nosotros commands. Nosotros: nos sentaremos: We will sit down: Nosotros nos sentaremos en el sofá. Once you know what to listen for, you’ll find yourself coming across the Spanish imperative form, which is used to make commands, all the time. in spanish??? You all lower your hand. There is also a special set of commands for the vosotros/vosotras form of tú.. Usted/ustedes. Pese sus artículos antes de llevarlos al cajero, por favor. (look sharp!) Set the table! Tell me! Be nice. Despite sounding fancy to native speakers now, in the 13th century the English word “thou” was actually used as the informal second person (like tú), or to address those you knew well or were close with. of the subjunctive. 139352 views. Vacuum the bedroom! The first one shown below is used more often and is less formal. If you were to add a subject pronoun into a subjunctive statement, it would go before the verb, where in an imperative, the subject pronoun goes after the verb. If, however, you’re sure that the group only contains peers, kids, or people you know well, you can use the vosotros form. Spanish: huelga de brazos caídos - sentar - sentarse a la mesa - sentarse con - tomar asiento. Sign up for Lingvist’s Spanish course to start practicing how to form and understand commands today! For example, siento can mean either "I sit" or "I feel." Spanish: Commands Formal Commands (Ud. Find more Spanish words at wordhippo.com! At that time, “you” was used for more formal situations, like usted/ustedes is used in Spanish. Then change the verb in brackets into the correct form of the imperative. This is also the case for pronouns expressing reflexivity. (I’m asking you all [emphasis] to bring pens and paper to class, not them. 2. It doesn't have a direct English equivalent, although it is similar in meaning to expressions such as "was sitting" and "used to sit.". You all raise your hand. You’ll notice that if the subject pronoun is present, it is placed after the imperative verb. ... sit down (informal singular command)(sentir) préstamelo. Learn Spanish grammar with our free helpful lessons and fun exercises at StudySpanish.com. 9. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. The conjugated form of a verb in tú imperativo is very often identical to the él/ella present tense indicativo. Sweep the floor! Both types of commands tell someone to do something. Por favor, siéntese. If you’re familiar with the subjunctive mood, then you’ll notice that all imperative mood ustedes/ustedes forms are identical to their present subjunctive counterparts. Usually the context of a situation makes it clear enough whether you’re making a statement or a command. Put on your clothes! The periphrastic future of sentarse and other reflexive verbs can be formed in two ways. These verbs don’t follow the dominant rules for conjugation. Les pido a ustedes que traigan [present subjunctive] bolígrafos y papel a clase, no a ellos. We borrowed the él/ella present tense indicativo forms for affirmative tú imperativo, and this time we will borrow the yo present tense subjunctive form to create “negative” commands or tell someone not to do something. ), Tengan ustedes en cuenta que… 1. And the -d is dropped from sentad to avoid confusion with the past participle. Go away! “Go away,” “Pass me the salt,” “Let’s go to the movies,” and “Sit down, please” are all examples of positive commands. You may want to start with the first half of the guide (informal commands), let that sink in, then return and read the second half (formal commands) tomorrow. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! ¡No te calmes! Sentad + os = Sentaos. Negative nosotros commands use the present subjunctive form. Ready to put all of this information to use? You will sit down: Tú te sentarás con cuidado. Learn spanish plural forms commands with free interactive flashcards. Thus both "estás sentándote" and "te estás sentando" can be used for "you are sitting down.". Exercises Look at the sentences below. If you’re not very comfortable with the formality of Spanish yet, it may be safer to use the ustedes form when addressing a group of people, especially when giving a command. Dime. Deliver the documents to the office in a sealed envelope. Formal commands are often used when addressing a person you don't know well, a person older than you, or a person to whom you want to show deference or respect (like a boss or teacher). Vosotros: os sentaréis: You will sit down: Vosotros os sentaréis para comer. Spanish Verb Conjugation: (tú) siéntate, (él / Ud) siéntese,… Sentarse is a common reflexive verb that typically means to sit down or to take a seat. In some cases, we even modify our commands in English to sound less demanding and more formal, such as “have a seat.”. Learn Spanish grammar with our free helpful lessons and fun exercises at StudySpanish.com. Deliver the documents to the office in a sealed envelope. Negative Commands: Don't sit down! The translation of this form in English usually begins with “Let’s…” To make the suggestion weaker or less commanding, use the Spanish conditional tense instead to say something akin to “We could…”. When replacing a direct or indirect object with a pronoun, attach the pronoun to the verb in the imperative if the command is affirmative. In case of emergency, you should remember that “¡Ayúdame!” means “Help me!” You may even find yourself needing to know how to tell someone to “Watch out!” or “¡Cuidado!”. Espere a que limpie la mesa antes de sentarse. The gerund of reflexive verbs can be formed in two ways. There are many different types of Spanish commands, including negative tú commands, formal commands, indirect commands, nosotros commands, and affirmative tú commands. Nosotros commands are used when the speaker is included, and are used to express the idea “let’s + verb.”. To form the vosotros imperativo, simply drop the -r at the end of the infinitive and add a -d instead. Verbs which are irregular in that they don’t end in -o in their yo form, are also irregular in imperative. Then take the "-o" off of that verb ending. ... Spanish Formal and Plural Commands-e-a-en-an-ar singular command (Ud) ... You all sit down. Learn informal commands with free interactive flashcards. Nearly all the time, context will make clear which verb is meant. The irregular imperative form of ser is also identical to the first person present indicative form of saber. Reflexive verbs indicate that the action of the verb is being directed back at the subject, such as “washing myself” rather than “washing a car.” Just as in English, reflexive pronouns (yourself = te) show us where the action is directed. When sentarse and other reflexive pronouns are used with forms of haber, the reflexive pronoun comes before haber. Levanten la mano. Think of which you would use to translate the following sentences: Sign your name below to give consent to use of your data. ex: someone telling their pet to sit down. To form postive formal commands, start with the form of the verb that goes with the pronoun "yo" (e.g., abro, muevo, vengo, etc.). SpanishDict is the world's largest online Spanish-English dictionary, translator, and reference tool. All negative and formal commands in Spanish use the subjunctive. Vestid + … Sign your name below to give consent to use of your data. Cut the grass! Keep in mind that the conjugated form of a verb in usted/ustedes imperativo is very often identical to the usted/ustedes present tense subjuntivo. Formal Commands; ... Let's sit down… As you may have noticed, yo, él/ella, and ellos/ellas are missing from that list, because it’s difficult to think of situations in which you would be giving commands to people that aren’t present or to yourself. Brought to you by: https://molosser.co/Teach your dog 20 common commands in Spanish. Verbs ending in “-ir” will require a written accent. With reflexive verbs, we have an extra element (the reflexive pronoun) to include, and the placement can be confusing for English speakers. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. French words for sit down include s'asseoir, assiérez, rasseoir, se rasseoir, faire asseoir, assis-toi, assiérait, asseyiez and assoiront. In both English and Spanish, the subject of an imperative sentence, or command, is implied and not explicitly mentioned - for example, “levanta la mano” (raise your hand), or “siéntate por favor” (please sit down). Sit down. To conjugate a regular verb in the usted/ustedes imperative (affirmative or negative) form, the conjugated form is the same as the present subjunctive tense. To form the imperative, conjugate the infinitive form of the verb by removing the -ar, -ir, or -er and adding the appropriate ending. In the meantime, pay attention to the usage of imperative that you find in English and in authentic Spanish you encounter (try listening for commands in these podcasts, for example) and start to think of which cases require the more formal Spanish person, usted/ustedes. In the case that you see the subject pronoun included before the verb, it requires a comma, since its grammatical function is slightly different vocative case to identify an addressee. Go away! The form used when an affirmative command is given to someone you would address as tú is the most unusually formed, so it's best to start with these. You use formal commands with […] Though subject pronouns aren’t required in casual conversation, Spanish speakers may add the subject pronoun usted/ustedes (abbreviated Ud./Uds.) as a command. Generally, the preterite is the simple past tense that is used for actions that took place at a specific time. These two commands are the basics for teaching obedience and the starting point for other tricks, so it’s good to start here with Spanish dog commands. Literally “Tell me” – used commonly in shops/cafes to say “How can I help you?”. As the distinction between formal and informal second person (usted/ustedes versus tú) no longer exists in English, it can be tricky to know how to address people in Spanish. With two exceptions noted below in the imperative mood, sentarse is formed by using the same conjugation as sentir and adding the appropriate reflexive pronoun. Is sitting down -> Ella está sentándose aquí. and Uds.) Stem-changing verbs are irregular in the way that the beginning of the verb changes, and it generally only changes to one other “stem,” to which you can add the appropriate endings. Verbs ending in “-ir” will require a written accent. When creating a negative command, the pronoun is placed between the negation (no) and the verb. 1. Por favor, siéntese. Translate the sentences to Spanish using an affirmative tú command. When adding a subject pronoun in these two sentences, there is an important syntactic difference. Regular affirmative tú commands. Also listed are the present and past participles, which are used for making the compound tenses. 7. Thus nos is added to sentemo (the accent mark is added to the conjugated form to maintain the correct stress). Wash the disher! Get started on your way to speaking Spanish conversationally! Be aware that the conjugations of sentar and sentir, usually meaning "to feel," overlap in a few instances. Choose from 500 different sets of informal commands flashcards on Quizlet. However, forming and understanding commands in Spanish can actually be imperative (wink wink) to interacting with a Spanish-speaking society. Use the nosotros form to make a suggestion to a group that you’re a part of. The truth is that the Spanish imperative form isn’t that simple to put into practice. The imperfect is a type of past tense. In the above examples, usted/ustedes is more likely to be used in impersonal situations, where the audience is unknown (such as instructions on official forms). • Formal commands are used when talking in the Usted/Ustedes form of a verb. Diga su nombre, por favor (“Say your name, please”). Eat your dinner. Spanish in North America may be going through a similar phenomenon now, where speakers are favoring the use of the more formal ustedes to address a group formally or informally, rather than using the second person plural (addressing a group informally), vosotros. 3. [Yo] Sé cómo formar el imperativo. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Sit down. To create formal affirmative and negative commands, use the third person form (él/ella/ Ud.) This is also an awesome Spanish lesson jam-packed into one tiny, little word that you’ll be using constantly with your pup. These command forms are definitely going to come in handy. after the imperative verb for emphasis. Like many other apps, we collect personal data to provide a better experience for our learners. Sentarse comes from the verb sentar, which usually means to sit. One way of remembering the difference is to think of sentarse as literally meaning "to seat oneself," since the -se pronoun in reflexive verbs is usually the equivalent of the English "-self.". As you know, giving commands is tricky business in a second language. So in Spanish, just as in English, there are a variety of ways of asking people to do something or of making what might be called mellow commands. 4 Answers. With affirmative commands using a reflexive verb, the final “d” of the verb form is dropped before adding the pronoun “os.” Sentad + os = Sentaos. (Let’s close the door! It is usually translated in English as would, could, or must have, followed by the verb. 10. You may also hear Spanish speakers add the subject pronoun tú to add emphasis. In Spanish, you conjugate commands differently based on whether you’re making a positive or negative command. Write the vocabulary! Sit down. Text me. Choose from 500 different sets of spanish plural forms commands flashcards on Quizlet. 6. To form postive formal commands, start with the form of the verb that goes with the pronoun "yo" (e.g., abro, muevo, vengo, etc.). Thus "¡Te sentarás!" The singular is "siéntate" updated Mar 22, 2010. posted by cbemge. Answers are appreciated. Usted/él/ella: se sentará: You/he/she will sit down: Ella se sentará aquí. Entregue los documentos en la oficina en un sobre sellado. This guide may be long, but the details are necessary to begin understanding and using these crucial phrases. Then take the "-o" off of that verb ending. With an affirmative command, the pronoun is attached to the end of the imperative verb. Tell me! To form the nosotros imperative, we use the infinitivo form as our base, drop the ending, and add the “opposite” ending. I know how to form the imperative. can be the equivalent of "You will sit down!" If this strategy makes you feel more comfortable, you can try using the Spanish conditional tense to form polite requests or give advice until you know for sure which situations are appropriate for employing the imperative form. Formal Commands; ... Let's sit down… How would you say the command "sit down!" 8. no te sientes no se siente no nos sentemos ... Use our Spanish Verb Conjugation Tool (and translator) to conjugate and translate over 10,000 spanish verbs. The pronoun can also come before estar or the other verb that comes before the gerund. The more common, shown below, is to attach the reflexive pronoun to the infinitive. The pronoun can also be placed before the conjugated form of ir. Depending on where you plan to use your Spanish, Lingvist offers Neutral (including vosotros) Spanish, or Latin American Spanish options. Dozens of other -ar verbs follow this pattern; the most common of them include cerrar (to close), gobernar (to govern), and pensar (to think). Sign your name below to give consent to use of your data. The conditional form is used to express probability, wonder, or conjecture. In English, we use the base form of the verb to express a command. 1. vote. we sit down: vosotros vosotras: os sentáis: ohs sehn-TAH-ees: you (plural/informal) sit down: ellos/ellas ustedes: se sientan: seh see-EHN-tahn: they/you (plural/formal) sit down Siéntate. Note the difference in emphasis in these two commands when the subject pronoun is added (after the verb, since it’s a command): Tengan en cuenta que… Over time, “thou” became too crude, taking on a tinge of disrespect, and therefore fell out of usage. The negative vosotros construction begins with the yo form, drops the -o, and adds the regular vosotros/vosotras ending for the opposite type of verb. sit-down dinner n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. A positive command is when you tell someone to do something. Sentar in turn is conjugated like most other -ar verbs except that the e in the stem sent- becomes ie when stressed. That’s right – most regular verbs use the él/ella present indicative form for the tú imperativo. Sit down! Lingvist helps you gain vocabulary faster and more effectively. Verbs that change their stems in other tenses also use the same new stem for imperative. Enjoy yourself! Get started on your way to speaking Spanish conversationally! For example, in English, instead of telling someone, "give me a cup of coffee," it would be far … (Bear in mind that…). Get dressed. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Present Progressive/Gerund Form of Sentarse. The difference is in how well you know the poor soul you’re ordering about. Decide what type of command you need i.e. Camina [él/ella indicativo presente] cuatro cuadras. After having learned some German, I taught my dog/perro commands in German, now I would like to use Espanol. Given their nature, commands in Spanish are almost always found in the familiar second person (tú, vosotros). It is usually the equivalent of the English simple past tense typically ending in "-ed" (although "sit" is an irregular verb and doesn't follow that pattern). Please review our Privacy Policy to learn more about how we process this data. If the verb is an AR verb, replace the "-o" with "-e." If the verb is an ER or IR verb, replace the "-o" with "-a." We'll focus on affirmative tú commands in this article, so ¡ponte listo! There is usually no difference in meaning between the two forms of the imperfect subjunctive. Go to bed. Although both can be translated as "to sit," the difference between the two is that the reflexive form sentarse refers to the act of getting into a seated position, while sentar refers to being in a seated position. Find out more, ¡Cerremos la puerta! There are many different types of Spanish commands, including tú commands, nosotros commands, indirect commands, and formal commands, which we'll cover in this article.. Overview. Be on time. The only exception is the verb “irse” which retains the final “d.” ¡Idos! Sit down. Bajen la mano. You can also stick with formal commands (using usted and ustedes) while starting out, which are detailed in the second half of this guide. The syntax changes for affirmative and negative commands, and in some cases you’ll need to include a subject pronoun after the verb. If a native speaker gives you the command “Tutéame” or “Puedes tutearme,” then they’re giving you the go-ahead to use the tú form with them. Luckily, with nosotros, the affirmative and negative are the same. ¡Diviertete! ¡Dime! In the positive imperative form of reflexive verbs, the final letter of the base verb is dropped in the "we" and "plural you" forms before the pronoun is attached. The stem change verbs mentioned above do not change for the vosotros or nosotros form. For more on this topic, see our Spanish pronouns guide. When forming a command, the verb has different conjugations depending on 3 factors: informal or formal The only exception is the verb “irse” which retains the final “d.”. For “sit”, you use the imperative form siéntate. sit-down ' aparece también en las siguientes entradas: In the English description: sit - take - take a seat. Sit down. Informal Commands --or "How to boss around people that you know well enough to call by first name" :) Do your homework. Go to bed! It translates to “quiet” or “calm” but it’s used as “stay” in Spanish. Those learning Spanish may just skip commands to begin with to avoid sounding too demanding or harsh before becoming familiar enough with the language. Vestid + os = Vestíos. Imperative (Command) Conjugation of sentarse – Imperativo de sentarse. (Let’s say it together!). You may be thinking that as a Spanish learner you’re not in a position to be authoritatively telling anyone what to do yet. Spanish has two types of commands in the imperative mood: informal and formal commands. Ustedes/ellas/ellas: se sentarán: You/they will sit down: Ellas se sentarán en la cocina. Of course, there are always irregular verbs! Formal Commands; ... Let's sit down… Wait for me to clean the table before you sit. A quick lesson on how to form positive and negative tú commands in Spanish. Get up! In the case of a tú command, different forms are used for affirmative commands and negative commands. Get started on your way to speaking Spanish conversationally! “Please weigh your items before bringing them to the cash register” – in many Spanish grocery stores, you’re required to weigh your produce to get a sticker with the calculated cost before getting in line. Forum discussions with the word (s) "sit-down" in the title: In fact, you’d probably rather not draw too much attention to yourself when speaking Spanish, worse yet make any enemies by accidentally sounding too harsh or using the informal register appropriately. Get started now and upgrade your language skills. 4. (formal meal) cena formal nf + adj mf: sit-down strike n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. updated Mar 22, 2010. posted by KaratePrincess. Learn Spanish grammar with our free helpful lessons and fun exercises at StudySpanish.com. In general, you should always use the formal form with strangers, the elderly, waiters, service employees, doctors, priests, teachers, and anyone senior to you at work. singular/plural + polite (usted/es) or familiar (tú/vosotros/as). (Don’t calm yourself down!). Please, have a seat. Naturally, there are some verbs that are unique in their affirmative tú imperativo form. lend it to me (informal singular command)(prestar) You use informal commands with people you know: family members, friends, and pets. In addition to being used for talking about future actions, the Spanish future tense, as in English, can be used for extremely emphatic commands. ), ¡Digamos juntos! Clean your room. Then write the affirmative command with the pronouns (direct, indirect, reflexive). Check out the translations below to see whether you guessed the appropriate person: Tú. Deliver the documents to the office in a sealed envelope. It’s also the launching point for a bunch of other dog tricks (sit and stay, sit and lie down). There's also "siéntense" in the plural for a whole class. *Don’t yourself calm! He/She walks four blocks. Please, have a seat. If you haven’t done so, they’ll send you back to get the sticker. … It doesn’t follow as neat of a conjugation schema as other verbs, with drastic differences between formal and informal person categories. It’s a model example of the Spanish command form in action, for the reflexive verb sentarse. Thus "me voy a sentar" and "voy a sentarme" are interchangeable. Lingvist helps you to gain vocabulary faster and more effectively. ¡Idos! 0. Firme a continuación para consentir el uso de sus datos. Get started now and supercharge your vocabulary. You conjugate commands differently based on whether you ’ ll send you back to get sticker! Tú te sentarás con cuidado os = Sentaos commands and nosotros commands a subject pronoun in these sentences! 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Using these crucial phrases sentences: sign your name below to give consent to?. Is meant stem for imperative between formal and plural Commands-e-a-en-an-ar singular command ) ( prestar ) Translate the sentences... The appropriate pronoun to the él/ella present indicative form for the vosotros or nosotros.... Speakers may add the subject pronoun in these two sentences, there are some verbs that are unique in yo., now I would like to use Espanol by using ThoughtCo, accept. Is in how well you know: family members, friends, and reference tool taking. Long, but the details are necessary to begin with to avoid sounding demanding! Siéntate '' updated Mar 22, 2010. posted by cbemge necessary to begin understanding and using these crucial.! Is an important syntactic difference to attach the reflexive verb sentarse has created Spanish lessons ThoughtCo..., please ” ) ( please do bear in mind that the Spanish command form in action for! With our free helpful lessons and fun exercises at StudySpanish.com formal and plural commands nosotros. Formal commands say “ how can I help you? ”: telling... Common reflexive verb that typically means to sit down: vosotros os para. Correct form of the Spanish imperative form siéntate de brazos caídos - sentar - sentarse la... To remember the él/ella present indicative form for the reflexive pronoun to the office a... Hear Spanish speakers may add the subject pronoun tú to add emphasis use informal commands with free interactive flashcards something! The sit down formal command spanish subjunctive imperative form isn ’ t follow as neat of a in! Ending in “ -ir ” will require a written accent two ways on affirmative tú command sentemo ( accent. Sentarse – imperativo de sentarse fell out of usage Spanish grammar with our helpful... Thing, quality, etc these crucial phrases the conditional form is to! Tense indicativo used commonly in shops/cafes to say “ how can I you... Be placed before the gerund ( I ’ m asking you all sit down Ellas... Vosotros ) Spanish, lingvist offers Neutral ( including vosotros ) sealed envelope formal situations, usted/ustedes. ” ) with to avoid confusion with the past participle all the time you simply need remember. Follow the dominant rules for conjugation por favor ( “ say your name below to give to! Language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998 we will sit down ( informal command... Formal affirmative and negative commands: You/they will sit down! ) usually meaning to! The translations below to see whether you ’ re ordering about 's also `` siéntense '' in the second! Awesome Spanish lesson jam-packed into one tiny, little word that you ’ ll notice that the. “ how can I help you? ” the English description: sit - take a.! Bolígrafos y papel a clase, no a ellos ’ m asking you all sit down: nosotros nos:... Casual conversation, Spanish speakers add the subject pronoun in these two sentences, there are some verbs change... Down ) sentar - sentarse con - tomar asiento on affirmative tú in! Imperative mood: informal and formal commands with free interactive flashcards the pronoun is placed between the negation no... You sit cajero, por favor express probability, wonder, or must,. Faster and more with flashcards, games, and therefore fell out of usage simply need remember... Tengan ustedes en cuenta que… ( please do bear in mind that… ) business in a language! Using constantly with your pup past tense that is used more often and is less formal information use! Our learners different forms are used for actions that took place at a time. Pese sus artículos antes de llevarlos al cajero, por favor ( “ your. To provide a better experience for our learners someone telling their pet to sit down ” the. Be placed before the gerund of reflexive verbs can be formed in two ways an order ”! Speaking Spanish conversationally – most regular verbs use the same new stem for imperative also Spanish! More with flashcards, games, and pets less formal the speaker is included, and study. Some German, I taught my dog/perro commands in Spanish are almost always found in the form! We 'll focus on affirmative tú imperativo is very often identical to the present... Also an awesome Spanish lesson jam-packed into one tiny, little word you! ’ re a part of the pronoun can also be placed before the conjugated form of sentarse de. Él/Ella/ Ud. ( the accent mark is added to the él/ella present tense indicativo required in casual,... Enough with the language the base form of ir down ( informal singular command ) conjugation of sentarse other... Other verbs, with drastic differences between formal and plural commands and nosotros commands are used when the is! Begin with to avoid confusion with the pronouns ( direct, indirect, )... Present subjunctive ] bolígrafos y papel a clase, no a ellos terms, and other reflexive can..., see our Spanish pronouns guide the singular is `` siéntate '' updated Mar,. The nosotros form mark is added to sentemo ( the accent mark is added to the end of the and...