This calls wakes up a man (3)……… most viewers will recognise as Keith Allen – the slightly sleazy unshaven Cockney (4)……. The first one has been done for you. Test your … You might like to watch the film. 2. They have now been demolished. ID: 530072 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Primero/ Segundo de secundaria Age: 12-15 Main content: Relative clauses … Relative pronouns , Relative clauses, who, which, whose - Exercise - Learning English. We often avoid relative clauses in casual speech and writing, preferring shorter ways of defining or adding information: People who come from Wales are often quite musical. Jack of Hearts is a new six-part drama series (0) ..which/ that …comes to our screens this week. 14 whore they are drinking- in. …….which……. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. We cannot omit the pronoun if it is the subject of the clause: X  The girl works for the florist in the High Street was at the party. Everyone who studied for the exam passed it easily. This unit examines both types of relative clause and the pronouns and adverbs used to introduce relative clauses. Where we put the preposition depends on formality: Note: We do not put a preposition before the relative pronoun that: X  This system provides a case in that the contact lenses can be kept. He … … Here, the pronoun is the subject of the relative clause (the film won the Oscars), even though it is the object of the main clause (I saw the film). Grammar Exercises - Relative Clauses. She plans to marry her childhood sweetheart whom she has known since they were five. We can often use where (for places) or when (for times) instead of which + preposition: This is the house where I grew up/ which I grew up in/ in which I grew up. High taxation is often the main reason for which governments fall. Indicate these lines with a tick (✓). Choose one of the following relative pronouns who, which or whose from the drop down menu. Each sentence below contains a mistake. We use non-defining relative clauses mainly in writing and formal speech. He left the gift that he had just bought in his friend’s car. : Use whichever phone you want – they all have outside lines. Relative clauses - sentences. 20        most of them proved => most of which proved. Choose the best sentence to describe each cartoon. Combine the two sentences 1. 7: We can use that as an alternative to when in defining relative clauses: I remember – it was the day when/ that the heatwave started. → There is a good film on the television tonight which you might like to watch. Underline the correct alternative in bold. That’s impossible, because of the gender-case stuff. answer choices . Defining relative clauses - 1. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. People who use body language to communicate are interesting to watch. All these are used in the English language to relate two or more ideas. Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who, that, which, whose, where, when. Use the present perfect tense in the main clause. The goal is that you really understand how relative clauses work in … It does business all over the world. Linda, which who whose. Relative Clauses Practice Adjective Clauses Exercise Adverbial Clauses Exercise Relative Pronouns Exercise 1 Relative Pronouns Exercise 2 IF vs When Exercise PDF Exercises: Worksheet 1 / 2. First, it means that a, 3          country’s economy may rely on an industry which it is wholly seasonal, with, 4          the consequence that the huge numbers of people work in tourism during the, 5          season have no income during the rest of the year. Use only one word for each space. Add the phrase in brackets to the sentence using 'that' or 'who' and a relative clause: 1) She worked for a man (the man used to be an athlete) [ . ] The new buyer identified a dozen new sources for the material, most of them proved to be reliable. (prepositional phrase). (All of the tribespeople retained their land, and, incidentally, they traded with the settlers. 10. (= I met the girl.). 2 J The fashion icon Mary Quant, who is famous for inventing the mini-skirt, has left her business. There is another world in New York beyond the tourist attractions and the high-rise blocks (0)…which C…… It’s a world (1)….. and pay several thousand dollars for a dress (2)……… These are women for whom one of the modern-day necessities is having a personal car and driver in New York, (3)            ………….These women, however, are not only interested in designer clothes and facelifts, but they are also serious philanthropists, many of (4)…….. for charity. In non-defining relatives, there is a short pause after the main clause or between the two parts of the main clause: We were given a lovely double room (  ), which had a sea view. Have you invited the residents who living here on a temporary basis to the meeting? ‘We are all very sorry about the closure. This table lists relative pronouns and adverbs and how they can be used: 1: We sometimes use who to refer to animals, particularly domestic pets: Is Sheba the dog who was run over and nearly killed last year? There are approximately 780 students (4) who are of different ages at the school, and they will all transfer to schools in the region. All the staff and students (9) who have been participating over the years will agree that this is a sad day not only for the local community but for education in this country as a whole.’, (0) who are currently employed by the school  => currently employed by the school. In defining relatives, the relative clause gives information which is necessary for the sense of the sentence. We usually put the relative clause as close as possible to the noun it refers to, otherwise the meaning may not be clear: X  Jack has prepared his favourite dish from Jamie Smith’s recipe book, which he is about to eat. Decide … Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses. Relative clauses can be used to join two sentences together, or to identify people and things and give more information about them. We often use them to avoid repeating information. (relative clause), Welsh people are often quite musical. I first met Harry Gardiner (  ). Download full-size image from Pinterest . B         only the privileged can take part, C         most of us can only dream about, F          women hire private jets to go shopping. Complete the article at the top of the page opposite with an appropriate relative pronoun or adverb (if necessary) and a phrase from the box. => the city where I grew up./the city which/that I grew up in. A.- COMPLETE THESE SENTENCES WITH A SUITABLE RELATIVE PRONOUN OR ADVERB That is the man helped me when I fell down in the street. Relative Clauses with ‘Who’, ‘That’, and ‘Which’ – Rules and Exercises for Intermediate Level. This article has too many relative clauses in it. The charity event raised over £1,000 for St Andrew’s Hospice which opened last year. IRVINE NARROWLY MISSES FORMULA 1 WORLD CHAMPION TITLE, 8. in non-defining relative clauses… Defining relative clauses - 3. 8: The only noun which takes why as a relative pronoun is reason: Sometimes he thought her clear morality was the reason why/ that he loved her. 3. 14        St Andrew’s Hospice which opened last-year-. Advertisements. C His contract with Ferrari finishes at the end of the season. A hotel is a place. We usually use commas to separate the relative clause from the main clause in non-defining relatives, but we do not use them in defining relatives: The tribespeople, who traded with the settlers, retained their land. Orders for that we have received payment will be processed immediately. (= the atmosphere of which). is out in … Most of the teachers have been at the school for at least 15 years. Essential and Aditional Relative Clauses. The goal of this exercise is not that you can use relative clauses perfectly after it. ✓ Last week I saw the film you made at college. lives in that house is very … Exercise #3 – Add the Correct Relative Pronoun. 0          Tourism today is an industry V has grown so much in recent years that in many   which, 00        countries it provides the greatest single contribution to the country’s revenue          ✓, 1          But is it always a good thing? A defining relative clause identifies or classifies a noun or pronoun in the main clause: (In the second example, the relative clause classifies the members of a group.). 2) The dress ---- the movie star is … Finish Editing. watch had stopped didn’t know that he was late. 9: We use what to mean ‘the thing that/ which’. Is that your car? Fill in the blanks with an appropriate relative … For over 25 years we have run an establishment (8) which has been dedicated to making learning a rich and enjoyable experience. It would only be possible to colonise planets whose atmosphere contained enough oxygen to sustain human life. shows that the network has faith in its latest creation. We now mainly use it after prepositions: I am referring to the person with whom you were seen on that evening. 5   B The hand count of votes which/that were spoiled in the recent US presidential election has continued. Exercise to practice relative clauses. who eventually became my father-in-law (  ), at a Law Society meeting. Relative clauses are subordinate clauses introduced by relative pronouns, such as that, which or who. Punctuate accordingly. 0 Scientists ………(I) who have been studying cancer genes for years have just discovered a new wonder – cure for cancer. Some find wherever work, 6          they can, but others may turn to a government is already receiving lower, 8          Second, it is true that in many countries tourists are destroying the very, 9          sights they flock to see them. It is therefore unnecessary to repeat the noun from the main clause or introduce a personal pronoun to replace it: X    I used to live in one of those houses that they have now been demolished. (Only some of the tribespeople retained their land – this defines a group.). By exercises_admin On 31 July 2016 In Grammar Exercises Relative Clauses Who, Which, That Quiz with Answers (Online) Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, … Mozart’s birthplace and the house that he composed The Magic Flute’ in are both now museums. The relative pronoun is the subject or object of the relative clause. It’s usually children from deprived backgrounds. It takes lots of practice, so make sure to write down what you learn … To play this quiz, please finish editing it. This is the bank was robbed yesterday. Complete the following article by writing each missing relative pronoun or adverb in the space provided. ¹An object relative pronoun cannot be omitted from (left out of) a nonidentifying clause. characters are usually less than wholesome. Defining Relative Clauses 1319. Task No. You may want to revise the topic before you do this exercise. I’d like to meet whoever did that to the garden hedge! 1. 3 all from the holistic school of education. 17        empathy, what should be one of the main advantages of tourism. Adjective clauses exercises advanced level esl. Here, the pronoun is the object of the subordinate clause (you made the film). Task No. Reduced Relative Clauses Reduced relative clauses exercise adapted from Life by National Geographic ID: 21250 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Upper Intermediate / Advanced Age: 12+ Main content: Relative clauses … Tutorial 8 - Grammar Practice (Relative Clauses).docx - FS0204 Tutorial 8 \u2013 Relative Clause Exercise 1 Identify if the sentences consist of defining, Identify if the sentences consist of defining or non-defining relative clauses. 6     F London Zoo, which was in danger of closing through lack of funds, has remained open. While ‘what’ isn’t used in the same way as ‘that’ or ‘which’ it can fulfil the same functions as the other relative pronouns: Why don’t you tell the police what you told me yesterday? (= … which were struck out/which we struck out …). ‘Who’, ‘that’, and ‘which’ … Note: We cannot omit an object relative pronoun in non-defining relative clauses: X  Last year’s winner presented the cup, each holder keeps for the year. While this kind of destruction may be wholly, 12        unintentional, a certain type of tourist what wants only a ‘good time’ can be, 13        very destructive in a different way: they drink too much, pick fights and, 14        destroy the clubs and bars where they are drinking in. They are used to connect two clauses. It is a very fast car. The Uros … Exercise 1 - Defining relative clauses. Complete the sentences with the correct relative clauses… FS0204 Tutorial 8 – Relative Clause Exercise 1 Identify if the sentences consist of defining or non-defining relative clauses. I don’t mind. My family whose income is more than 50,000 pays about 105 income tax. Relative clauses - exercises. Defining relative clauses - 2. They can act as the subject or the object of the relative clause. have fallen from the trees. 18        Finally, there are many places tourism is threatening a well-established, 19        way of life: people that whose livelihoods traditionally come from older, 20        industries, such as agriculture or fishing, are finding new jobs and wealth in, 21        the over-developed tourist regions, but at what cost? We often use defining relative clauses to describe an important quality of someone or something: Van Gogh was an artist who used a lot of bold, vibrant colours. Note that that can be used in informal English instead of who/whom/which but it is never used after commas, i.e. Families whose incomes are below a certain level … ✓ It was the money (that) I wanted, not the fame. Another possibility is to use an infinitive phrase: Newton was the first person to really understand the laws of gravity. Compare these examples: I used to live in one of those houses. In the first example above, if we say just Is this the book?, this does not convey the key meaning of the whole sentence, i.e. she joins the staff of a college at (9)………… she meets a former lover. In this example what you told me yesterday is the object of the verb tell. This grammar exercise tests your understanding of relative pronouns. ✓ Jack has prepared his favourite dish, which he is about to eat, from Jamie Smith’s recipe book. 1 The man . which where. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! form the main themes of the series. 3157. Note: In US English that is more common than which or who in defining relative clauses. Englisch-hilfen.de/ Relative pronouns – who, which, whose – Exercise. Match each headline (1-10) with a sentence (A-J). Do the exercises below on relative clauses and click on the button to check your answers. Although Sir Patrick himself was unavailable for comment, a spokesperson for the school told us. Families whose incomes are below a certain level pay no income tax. It means the same as: Why don’t you tell the police the story (that) you told me yesterday. → I have a new car which is very fast. 16        the residents who living here => the residents who are living here/the residents living here, 17        a genuine Ming vase, that-was worth => a genuine Ming vase, which was worth, 18        The bank-robbery-what told you-about => The bank robbery that/which I told you about. 4. What's the name of the woman. 1. E She shares the house with her British husband, Guy Ritchie. The clause containing ‘what’ is a nominal clause, i.e. Defining relative clauses - 4. In most lines, there is an unnecessary word, a word missing or a punctuation error. 2) They called a lawyer (the lawyer lived nearby) [ . ] He stops at a phone box and makes a desperate call. 8  G The size 16 model who refused to diet to a size 12 has won the new Estee Lauder contract. Delete Quiz. 7  A The politician who was disgraced in a financial scandal has handed in his resignation. Use the correct. It has been given the prime Wednesday evening 9.30 slot, (1)…. => where they are drinking./that/which they are drinking in. There are two types of relative clause: defining clauses (identifying the noun or classifying it as part of a group) and non-defining clauses … (= the thing that I wanted). 18 places tourism => places where/ in which tourism, Advanced Grammar For IELTS: Relative Clauses, Intermediate (band score 5.0-6.0) Vocabualary, Upper intermediate (band score 6.0-6.5) Vocabualary, Advanced (band score 7.0-8.0) Vocabualary, IETLS Cue Card Sample: Describe A Decision You Disagreed With, Advanced Grammar For IELTS: Word Order And Verb Patterns, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 27 – Looking for a Market among Adolescents, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 26 – Creating Artificial Reefs, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 25 – The Danger Of Ecstasy, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 24- Beneath The Canopy, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 13 – A.D.D. 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